Cusco was founded a long time ago when, according to the legend, a couple emerged from Lake Titicaca thanks to the will of the Inti, the god of the Sun: Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo, who would give a new order to the Andes. That is how the Inca Empire began, which would become a powerful state that never lacked wealth. The Inca Empire had 12 maximum rulers before it was conquered by the Spaniards, who arrived in these lands in an erroneous way. Francisco Pizarro was the one who captured the Inca Atahualpa, thus installing the Spanish rule and starting a very hard time in history for the natives. It was in 1821 that Peru was declared independent and, from the 20th century, Cusco began a rapid growth that has made it one of the most important cities in the country.
Climate in Cusco
● In Cusco the climate varies depending on the seasons, although in general it can be defined as dry and fresh. It is divided into the dry season, which runs from April to October and has a fairly warm climate, and rainy season, which runs from November to March and is characterized by the cold and heavy rains that occur in the evening.
Hotels in Cusco
● Dragonfly Hostels Cusco
- Address: Calle Siete Cuartones # 245, Cusco.
- Price: From S / 30.
- Services: This hotel offers a good experience to all tourists. You can choose between a shared or a private room, although of course, the first is the most economical. In addition to having WIFI and free breakfast, it also has common areas with board games and open bar.
● Loki Hostel
- Address: Cuesta Santa Ana Street # 601, Cusco.
- Price: From S / 20.
- Services: The Loki Hostel is another good option for those who want a comfortable accommodation place. The atmosphere that is lived here is comfortable and very fun, especially because the managers always look for new activities to do with travelers.
● Casablanca Hotel.
- Address: Teqte Street # 218, Cusco.
- Price: From S / 150.
- Services: This fabulous hotel is very close to the Plaza de Armas, which makes it central but at a very good price. In addition to having free WIFI, the rooms are modern, spacious and have their own bathroom.
● Hotel Los Cisnes del Marsano.
- Address: Avenida Pardo # 557, Cusco.
- Price: From S / 180.
- Services: In this hotel nothing is missing and, best of all, is that it is at a very good price. The services included in the room reservation are own bathroom, laundry and transportation to and from the airport.
● Hilton Garden Inn Cusco.
- Address: Abancay Avenue # 207, Cusco.
- Price: From S / 252.
- Services: The Hilton Garden Inn is a very nice hotel with an extraordinary colonial architecture. In addition to the classic services in the room, it has a swimming pool and a yoga room.
● Hotel San Agustín El Dorado.
- Address: Avenida El Sol # 395, Cusco.
- Price: From S / 300.
- Services: It is a very luxurious hotel but at a good price, accessible to those who want a pleasant room without spending much. In addition to having bilingual staff, it has a restaurant-bar inside that allows travelers to eat and rest inside the hotel if they wish.
Restaurants & Bars in Cusco
● Restaurant "Pachapapa"
- Address: Plaza San Blas # 120, Cusco.
- Price: From S / 40.
- Services: With a location that offers a wonderful view, this restaurant is characterized by its rustic architecture and its great seasoning. In addition to having a buffet and international food, travelers can enjoy here the fabulous cuisine of Cusco.
● "Green Organic" restaurant
- Address: Santa Catalina Angosta Street # 135, Cusco (Reference: Close to the Plaza de Armas).
- Price: From S / 23.
- Services: As the name implies, this restaurant is characterized by offering healthy food, so you'll find salads in its menu. But not only this, but it also has purely Cusco dishes prepared as if it were a diet.
● Bar "Ukukus"
- Address: Calle Plateros # 316, Cusco.
- Services: This bar is very popular among travelers because it has won different awards. Not only is it a site of great cultural and classical reference in the bohemian life of Cusco, but it also offers a great variety of drinks for the delight of its customers.
● Bar "Mama Africa Club"
- Address: Calle Portal de Panes # 109, Cusco.
- Services: This is a bar like no other since it is international. Here the fun is always guaranteed because the music is made live, which is why it can be very crowded on weekends.
The most tourist places in Cusco
● Plaza de Armas del Cusco: This place is a large park built by the Incas. Around this square are the most important buildings in the city, such as the catetral. Nowadays you can also find tourist agencies and restaurants.
● Cusco Cathedral: Very popular among visitors due to its architectural beauty, it is defined by its neoclassical, baroque and Renaissance style. Here is a famous replica of the "Last Supper", with the difference that there is a roasted guinea pig on the plate.
● The San Blas neighborhood: This neighborhood is very popular among tourists because it seems to have been taken from an old tale. With its old mansions, it seems that it still lives in the previous century. In addition, every Saturday fairs are held here where you can buy local crafts and gastronomy.
● Sacsayhuamán: Located 2 kilometers from the city, it is an Inca building that was built during the Pachacútec Inca government and ended with Huayna Cápac. It receives thousands of tourists annually due to its large size and historical importance.
Important dates in Cusco
● February - Carnival of Cusco: On this date fun and joy prevail because the neighbors play with each other, throwing water and talcum powder, sharing food and dancing with each other. A very strong tradition of this event is the practice of the yunza, in where a tree that has been previously adorned is cut.
● End of May - Feast of the Lord of Qoyllur Rit'i: It is a religious holiday that has been going on for more than 2 centuries. It consists of a perenigration towards the Sanctuary of Sinakara, located at 4600 meters above sea level, where it is danced, sung and fireworks are lit.
● June - Corpus Christi: It is a very old celebration brought by the Spaniards where a procession is made to the saints and virgins of Cusco. The central day is a Thursday, where the 15 images are also taken to tour all of Cusco and bless its inhabitants.
● June 24 - Inti Raymi: Here, the Inti, the sun god, is worshiped. A representation of the Inti Raymi is performed every year in Inca times, an event that attracts thousands of tourists during this date.
How to move around Cusco?
To move around in the city of Cusco, the tourist has 2 options: public bus, commonly regulated by the municipality or the authority in charge, or taxi, driven by a citizen who provides the service.
● Public bus: It is the most popular way of transporting within the city, as well as being very economical. The fare, also called a ticket, does not usually go up from S/5 per person. The public bus has different stops where it picks up passengers, so the trip can be a bit slow.
● Taxi: This is the fastest way of transport within the city. It does not have stops, so it goes straight to the desired destination. You can contact it on the avenue or by calling a company or through an application. The rate here is usually higher, usually exceeding S/10.
How to reach Cusco?
● Cusco by bus: Arriving in Cusco by bus is possible and many consider it a great experience because it crosses the low jungle of Peru. If your departure is from Lima, the trip can last up to 21 hours.
● Cusco by train: At the moment, there is still no direct line that leads to Cusco by train. Therefore, this possibility is not yet available.
● Cusco by plane: Cusco is one of the most important cities in Peru, so it has the Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport so that national and international tourists can make their flights comfortably.