Cusco was founded a long time ago when, according to the legend, a couple emerged from Lake Titicaca thanks to the will of the Inti, the god of the Sun: Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo, who would give a new order to the Andes. That is how the Inca Empire began, which would become a powerful state that never lacked wealth. The Inca Empire had 12 maximum rulers before it was conquered by the Spaniards, who arrived in these lands in an erroneous way. Francisco Pizarro was the one who captured the Inca Atahualpa, thus installing the Spanish rule and starting a very hard time in history for the natives. It was in 1821 that Peru was declared independent and, from the 20th century, Cusco began a rapid growth that has made it one of the most important cities in the country.
Climate in Cusco
● In Cusco the climate varies depending on the seasons, although in general it can be defined as dry and fresh. It is divided into the dry season, which runs from April to October and has a fairly warm climate, and rainy season, which runs from November to March and is characterized by the cold and heavy rains that occur in the evening.
Hotels in Cusco
Cusco is a city that does not rest throughout the year. We know that this city receives tourists from all over the world at any time. For this, the hotel sector is well supplied and varied. Cusco, having activity all year round, has a great offer of hotels for all kinds of tourists. If you want to visit this place with the family, you can find hotels in the city center to enjoy the night, the festivities and the places that can be found. For the more adventurous tourists, there are options such as hostels for backpackers, where the price is more comfortable and you can find rooms to share with tourists from other countries.
Restaurants & Bars in Cusco
As Cusco has a great presence of tourism throughout the year, it knows that it must offer the widest variety of food for the entire public, this is no exception. In Cusco you can find places to eat as a family, as a couple and even with friends. The variety of its restaurants is similar to the variety of places to visit that Cusco has as a city. Visit the city, discover what are the flag dishes and go ahead and try them.
The most tourist places in Cusco
● Plaza de Armas del Cusco: This place is a large park built by the Incas. Around this square are the most important buildings in the city, such as the catetral. Nowadays you can also find tourist agencies and restaurants.
● Cusco Cathedral: Very popular among visitors due to its architectural beauty, it is defined by its neoclassical, baroque and Renaissance style. Here is a famous replica of the "Last Supper", with the difference that there is a roasted guinea pig on the plate.
● The San Blas neighborhood: This neighborhood is very popular among tourists because it seems to have been taken from an old tale. With its old mansions, it seems that it still lives in the previous century. In addition, every Saturday fairs are held here where you can buy local crafts and gastronomy.
● Sacsayhuamán: Located 2 kilometers from the city, it is an Inca building that was built during the Pachacútec Inca government and ended with Huayna Cápac. It receives thousands of tourists annually due to its large size and historical importance.
Important dates in Cusco
● February - Carnival of Cusco: On this date fun and joy prevail because the neighbors play with each other, throwing water and talcum powder, sharing food and dancing with each other. A very strong tradition of this event is the practice of the yunza, in where a tree that has been previously adorned is cut.
● End of May - Feast of the Lord of Qoyllur Rit'i: It is a religious holiday that has been going on for more than 2 centuries. It consists of a perenigration towards the Sanctuary of Sinakara, located at 4600 meters above sea level, where it is danced, sung and fireworks are lit.
● June - Corpus Christi: It is a very old celebration brought by the Spaniards where a procession is made to the saints and virgins of Cusco. The central day is a Thursday, where the 15 images are also taken to tour all of Cusco and bless its inhabitants.
● June 24 - Inti Raymi: Here, the Inti, the sun god, is worshiped. A representation of the Inti Raymi is performed every year in Inca times, an event that attracts thousands of tourists during this date.
How to move around Cusco?
To move around in the city of Cusco, the tourist has 2 options: public bus, commonly regulated by the municipality or the authority in charge, or taxi, driven by a citizen who provides the service.
● Public bus: It is the most popular way of transporting within the city, as well as being very economical. The fare, also called a ticket, does not usually go up from S/5 per person. The public bus has different stops where it picks up passengers, so the trip can be a bit slow.
● Taxi: This is the fastest way of transport within the city. It does not have stops, so it goes straight to the desired destination. You can contact it on the avenue or by calling a company or through an application. The rate here is usually higher, usually exceeding S/10.
How to reach Cusco?
● Cusco by bus: Arriving in Cusco by bus is possible and many consider it a great experience because it crosses the low jungle of Peru. If your departure is from Lima, the trip can last up to 21 hours.
● Cusco by train: At the moment, there is still no direct line that leads to Cusco by train. Therefore, this possibility is not yet available.
● Cusco by plane: Cusco is one of the most important cities in Peru, so it has the Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport so that national and international tourists can make their flights comfortably.
Gastronomy in Cusco
In the city of Cusco, you will try delicious dishes such as:
- Pepián de cuy.
- Olluquito con charqui.
- Chicharrón a la cusqueña.
Things to buy in Cusco
The most typical souvenirs that you can buy in Cusco are:
- Alpaca clothing
- Burinados Mates
Cusco is a city located in the southeast of Peru. As stated in the Peruvian constitution, it is the historical capital of the country. The city of Cusco is the seventh most populous in Peru and has a population of approximately 437538 inhabitants. Formerly it was the capital of the Inca empire and within the Viceroyalty of Peru it was one of the most important cities. At the time of the Spanish crown, various works were built such as churches, palaces and baroque squares, these buildings are the main attractions of the city today.
Lima and Cusco Terminals
●Terminal Plaza Norte
● Terminal Terrestre Cusco
● Terminal Privado Hop
Bus operators of the route Lima to Cusco
● Paredes Estrella
● Wari Palomino
Cusco is a city that you should definitely visit. It is one of the 7 wonders of the world and there is no reason to don´t see it live and direct. You will be able to know a city rich in culture and with a varied gastronomy.