Trujillo was founded in 1534 by Diego de Almagro, under the name “Villa of Truxillo”. With the passing of time Trujillo would consolidate as one of the most important cities of the Peruvian viceroyalty, for being an administrative and commercial center, essential for the colonial system. During the independence period, Trujillo had a relevant role on Peru’s Independence, what gave the surname of “Ciudad Benemérita y Fidelísima a la Patria” (“Meritorious city and Faithful to the Homeland”). Besides that, it was the first city to break free from Spain. During the 19th century, and later that the Moche and Chicama valleys emerged as settlements of the sugar industry and the economy grew, new residents came to the city; mostly were european immigrants, what contributed to the development of a local esthetic, since the constructions took breathing from the neoclassical style.
Travel tips for Trujillo
-To get to Trujillo from Lima it will take about 9 hours by bus.As in many other peruvian cities you will find a lot of combis (little buses), taxis and informal vehicles to get around. Tell the collector of the bus your destination and he will tell you if he stops there or wich line you must take. At night we recommend you to take taxis of reliable companies or that at least have the license plate painted in one side (it’s better to cautious).Thefts and assaults are the main problems in Trujillo city. Some areas are dangerous for the people who does not know the area. We recommend not to venture in places that are far away by yourself. You should always be accompanied or with the information close to you. Make sure not to go to waste grounds or crops on the limits of the city, because the thieves use those areas without vigilance to hide.
Best time to visit Trujillo
The best time to visit Trujillo is from June to September, since the temperature decreases and you can enjoy a nicer environment.
Climate in Trujillo
-The weather in Trujillo is moderate and nice with sun most of the year (minimum temperature 57 °F or 14 °C and maximum 86 °F or 30 °C).-Trujillo is located 34 meters above the sea level, so you can go without worrying about the acclimatization to the altitude.-The climate in Trujillo is desert, with nearly no precipitations.
Things to do in Trujillo
Considered one of the most touristic cities in Peru, Trujillo is known not only for its archaeological ruins but also for its beauty and food. Here you can eat an excellent ceviche, one of the most traditional dishes in Peru, at an amazing restaurant. There are also markets in Trujillo where you can stroll through and find "yacon," a tuber native to the region that can't be found anywhere else (it looks like a potato but tastes like a pear). Besides that, you can visit various beautiful archeological sites, of which the remains of "Chan Chan" is one of the most well known and was the center of the Chimu culture. You can also ask about the "Huacas del Sol y la Luna," two ancient temples that can be found in this zone from the Mochica culture. If you want to surf on the beaches of Trujillo, you cant take a tour to Chicama, which is considered the longest left wave in the world (1 km).
Nightlife in Trujillo
Location: 385, Jr. Pizarro At this nightclub you can have some drinks with your friends or go for having fun, since it has dancing floors and a bar. It’s very frequented by the young people of Trujillo.
Puccini - El Bar del Gato
Location: 665, Jr. Zepita There is a bohemian atmosphere here for the people who like drinking with good music, ideal to wake up the senses before starting the night adventure with the powerful drinks.
Location: 588, Hortencias street It’s a celtic tradition tavern, with a relaxing and alternative atmosphere from the Trujillo city where you will enjoy a magic and mystical moment.
Where to eat in Trujillo?
El Sol Vegetarian Restaurant
Location: 660, Pizarro Hours: 8:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. Price: 3-8 soles Tasty vegetarian fare, with yummy dishes that will make you forget the meat flavour.
El Rincón de Vallejo
Location: 303, Jr. Orbegoso Hours: 24 hours a day Price: an average of 35 soles It’s a restaurant of creole, peruvian and south America food.There is a larga variety of dishes and prices.
Location: 462, Bolivar street Price: an average of 30 soles Traditional dishes from Trujillo and peruvian plates of unmistakable flavour. The lomo saltado is one of the favourites for the dinners. It’s a plate of rice with pieces of steak and chips.
Location: 725, Pizarro Hours: 7:30 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. Price: 10-25 soles Italian restaurant with delicious pizza and pasta, as well as tasty desserts. We recommend you try the tres leches and the tiramisu.
Location: 2219, America Sur Hours: 6:30 p.m. to 1:00 a.m. Price: 15-30 soles The grill restaurant wher the meat will never lack on your table. Just take a grill!!
The tourist places to see in Trujillo are:
Plaza de Armas (main square)
Location: Downtown Trujillo The main square of Trujillo is the place where the city was founded. There you can find beautiful architectural details on the center of the Monument to Freedom, an amazing sculptural group that symbolizes the freedom and the values of the city. On the important dates, this place is the center of celebration, as the passacaglia of the international Festival of Marinera (a Peruvian dance), the Corpus Christi or the raising of the flag that commemorates the Trujillo’s independence.
Location: 682, Junín street, Casa Risco Hours: Monday to Saturday 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Price: 5 soles At the museum you will discover the history of the region from 10000 B.C. till the Spanish arrival in 1532.
Location: 705 Jr. Independencia Hours: Monday to Saturday from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. In this museum you will learn about the toys evolution from the pre-Hispanic period to the 50s decade, on the 20th century. The collection has toys from all over the world.
La Casona Orbegoso
Location: 553, Orbegoso, Trujillo center Hours: Monday to Sunday, from 9:30 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Price: Free entrance In this magnificent 18th century building, where the body of the marshal Orbegoso rests in a crypt, you'll see an art collection and beautiful furniture from the time.
The things to do in Trujillo
Beach of Huanchaco
Location: 8 mi (13 km) to the north-east of the city The beach of Huanchaco is the favourite of the surf lovers, since the waters and nice weather are perfect for this practice. You can also see in this beach the mythical large reed rocking horses, ships of pre-Columbian origin, used by the handicrafts fishermen until the current days.
The citadel of Chan Chan
Location: 3 mi (5 km) from the city, in the Moche valley Hours: Monday to Sunday from 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Price: 11 soles The citadel was declared Cultural Heritage of Humanity by the UNESCO and it’s the biggest american city built of adobe, with an extension of more than 12 mi (20 km2). The walls sculpted with enigmatic zoomorph shapes harbor a ghost city, which is believed had streets, pyramidal temples and work centers.
Huaca del Sol y Huaca de la Luna
Location: at 5 mi (8 km) to the south of the city Hours: Monday to Sunday from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Price: 25 soles in a tour (which includes transportation and touristic guide) Besides of having the name of both huacas, the archaeological site that allows visit is the Huaca de la Luna, since the Huaca del Sol hasn’t been explored yet. In this Huaca you will appreciate the architectectural and stylistic legacy of the Moche culture in each wall, where there are images that represent the mochica deities.
Typical dishes in Trujillo
It’s a representative soup of Trujillo, made of vegetable soup, ham, vegetables and pork skin. It’s served with fried corn from the mountains.
Turkey hen or chicken soup eaten with bread, potato, milk and ingredients to your liking.
Seco de cabrito a la norteña:
It’s a stew prepared with kid seasoned in vinegar or chicha de jora (made of violet maize), served with onion, chili pepper and manioc.
Frejoles a la trujillana:
a plate prepared with black beans and sesame.
Pescado a la trujillana:
steamed fish prepared with boiled eggs and seasoned onion.
How to reach Trujillo
Trujillo by train
These days there is no route by train to get to or from the city of Trujillo.
Trujillo by flight
The distance in a straight line from Lima to Trujillo is 303,8 mi (489 km). The Aeropuerto Internacional Capitán FAP Carlos Martinez de Pinillos is located in the city of Trujillo and provides a diversity of tickets. There are 6 travels on average with the airlines Avianca, Latam, Iberia and Copa Airlines.
Trujillo by bus
There are many cities where you can take a bus to Trujillo: Máncora, Huaura, Órganos, Huaraz, Piura, Tarapoto, Tumbes, Cajamarca, Chiclayo, Chimbote and Lima. The distance from Lima to Trujillo by land is about 345 mi (555 km) on the highway. The transportation companies that cover this route Lima-Trujillo are Oltursa, Excluciva, Linea, Movil Tours, Tepsa, Turismo Cautivo, Civa and Turismo Dias. The cost of the bus tickets varies from 30 to 120 soles, depending on the service chosen. The schedule for the buses departure from Lima goes from 8:30 a.m. to 11:30 p.m.
Accomodations in Trujillo
Location: 718, Ayacucho Price: 10 soles and up The perfect place for the traveler with a tight budget.
Location: 748, Almagro Price: 45 soles and up A modern building well located with suitable rooms with their own bathrooms.
Location: 485, Independencia Price: 270 soles and up This elegant 4-star hotel has very comfortable rooms and other commodities like a sauna and a restaurant and cafe open 24 hours a day.
Important dates in Trujillo
International Spring Festival (El Festival Internacional de la Primavera)
In this festival you'll see parades, dance contests, step horse demonstrations, sports competitions and lots of cultural activities.
The capital of the marinera dance could not be unconnected to a very important cultural festival of the country. The festival is a dance competition, where two participants must show their elegance and abilities for the emblematic and typical dance of the city, the marinera. This competition pass on TV and is one of the most waited events of the Trujillo community, where you can also see passacaglia and shows with the traditional dancing horses step by step.
Anniversary of Trujillo’s Independence
This day is holiday in the whole city, so nobody will miss the activities of the celebration day. This event commemorates every year the independence of the city, making dances, tasting typical dishes, masses and other cultural activities type.