There is evidence that Ayacucho was a populated settlement more than 20,000 years ago B.C., because there are archaeological remains to certify it. Thousands of years later other human groups established in the area, setting the bases of the coming cultures. On the 6th and 7th centuries the culture wari appeared, founding its capital and control center in Ayacucho. In this region, the Huari - Tiahuanaco culture would exercise its power, being Ayacucho its sanctuary, during the period from 900 to 1200 A.D. With the incas arrival, the Ayacucho conquest meant the extinction of the other cultures, consolidating the city as part of the incas Empire, and establishing an administrative center in Vilcashuaman. After the Spanish arrival, in 1539 Francisco Pizarro founded the city of Ayacucho as part of a militay strategy, to eradicate the rebel incas from the closest areas. Ayacucho became a very important city, commercially and culturally. During the colonial period, Ayacucho developped a growing textile industry. It was also one of the most important cities during the viceroyalty, for being the archbishopric see and for having his own university. On December the 9th 1824, it took place the Ayacucho battle, a crucial event on the Independence process of Peru. Recently, on the 80s, Ayacucho was hardly hit by the terrorism of Sendero Luminoso, a terrorist group leaded by Abimael Guzmán. Nowadays, Ayacucho shines with a confident light, as a city of great religious fervor and cultural tourism, leaving behind the shadows of a sad decade that we hope will never be recured.
● The climate in Ayacucho is mostly temperate, rainy and with moderate thermal amplitude. The annual average of maximum and minimum temperature is approximately 23.8 ° C and 9.3 ° C, respectively.
Hotels in Ayacucho
Ayacucho is well known for having a large number of festivals such as city carnivals or religious festivals. This allows residents to be able to offer a large number of hotels and lodgings for all tourist classes. Ayacucho is visited most of the year by tourists from all over the world. You can find very serious hotels to spend the night with your family or a more backpacker hotel where you can share with friends.
Restaurantes & Bars in Ayacucho
The city of Ayacucho has a great gastronomic variety, this forces it to also have a great offer of places for tourists who visit it throughout the year. From the city center to the towns located outside it, tourists can find many restaurants offering both local food and a varied menu for all tastes.
The most tourist places in Ayacucho
● Intihuatana: If you want to know the history of one of the greatest ancient civilizations, you should visit Intihuatana. It is located in the Vischongo district, near Ayacucho. It is known as Pumacocha, and it is one of the largest archaeological sites in Peru. Studies affirm that this city was made by and for the Incas of great importance.
● Plaza de Armas de Ayacucho: The Plaza de Armas is one of the most important places to visit in Ayacucho. It is located in the center of the city and was built between the 16th and 17th centuries, which gives the place a colonial touch. It is known as “Plaza Sucre”, this is because in the center is the monument to Mariscal Sucre.
● Pampa Galeras: This nature reserve is one of the largest and most important in Peru. It is located in the province of Lucanas. The Pampa Galeras National Reserve was created in 1967 with the purpose of preserving the vicuña.
Important dates in Ayacucho
● Holy Week in Ayacucho: Holy Week in Ayacucho is a religious and popular festivity where all the people participate in such a way that together, it seems to be a great scenic representation of the passion and death of the Lord Jesus Christ.
● Ayacucho Carnival: The Ayacucho carnival has recently been declared Cultural Heritage of the Nation in 2007. It is a fairly important festivity for the people since the festival is celebrated and has its celebration between the month of February and March.
● Yaku Raymi: The Yaku Raymi, Quechua voices that translated mean "water festival" is an important and ancient celebration that takes place in the department of Ayacucho. It is about the cleaning of the ditches, before the coming of the rains that must have their access roads clean.
How to move around Ayacucho?
To move in the city of Ayacucho, the tourist has 2 options: public bus and taxi.
● Public bus: This is the most popular and easy way to get around the city. One of the reasons why it is preferred by people is because it is the cheapest option as well. The bus has various stops throughout the city and the tickets do not usually cost more than 3 soles per person.
● Taxi: This is the fastest way to get around the city. Taxis have no whereabouts, therefore, the driver will not stop until they have reached your destination. It is a more expensive means of transport, so you can find a service between 6 and 10 soles.
How to reach Ayacucho?
● Ayacucho by bus: Traveling to Ayacucho by bus is a good option. You will be able to rest and observe the landscape during the trip. Leaving from Lima, the trip usually lasts about 10 hours.
● Ayacucho by train: Ayacucho does not have a train service in the city to be able to arrive from other cities.
● Ayacucho by plane: Ayacucho has the airport called "" Colonel FAP Alfredo Mendívil "". It's a small airport and has good ones on a regular basis, mostly early in the morning.
Gastronomy in Ayacucho
In the city of Ayacucho, you will try delicious dishes such as:
- Adobo Ayacuchano.
- Puca picante.
- Caldo de cabeza.
Things to buy in Ayacucho
The most typical souvenirs that you can buy in Ayacucho are:
- Sarhua tables
- Huamanga stone
- Silverware and Filigree
The city of Ayacucho is located on the eastern slope of the Andes mountain range and has an altitude of 2,671 meters above sea level. It enjoys a mostly dry and temperate climate with sunshine all year round. It is known as the City of Churches, this is because it has a large number of colonial temples. It is also known as a Stately City due to its architecture, tradition and art. The city of Ayacucho is known both nationally and internationally for its majestic pieces of handicrafts. This was the reason why it was declared the Capital of Popular Art and Crafts of Peru.
Visiting Ayacucho is a great option if you are looking for a destination full of culture. Its colonial churches and temples will make you know more about this city every day. Learn more about its architecture and different artistic creations that you can visit in this city.