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Puno to Arequipa Bus
The distance from Puno to the "white city", Arequipa, is 192 mi (309 km) on the highway; the route takes about 6 hours on the transportation service of Civa, which is one of the lacking companies that cover the route Puno - Arequipa. The rate of the trip is s/. 25, in any of the available schedules. The first bus leaves at 12:00 p.m. and the second at 9:30 p.m. (The schedule availability is changeable). You can find the buses at the Terminal Terrestre of Puno, located in a central area, with access to the main roads. In Arequipa, the buses will arrive to the Terminal Terrestre busiest in the "white city", which has different services for the comfort of the visitors. The climate in Arequipa, unlike the cold in Puno, is dry and mild, with temperatures that doesn't go over 77 °F (25 °C).
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On the pre-Hispanic period, Puno was the settlement place of different human groups, who will finish being part of the first settlement of the Pucará culture. During this period, there were built big constructions of pyramidal shape. This kind of monumental architecture was peculiar of the Pucará and Tiahuanaco cultures, which also shared the territory. With the disappearance of the Tiahuanaco, during the 12th and 13th centuries, different kingdoms were born: Kollas, Lupacas and Pacajes.When the colonial period started, on the 15th century, Puno started its transformation into a inhabited center of commercial exchange, that little by little would be enriched with the multiculturalism of its visitors. This growth continued until half the 18th century, because Puno had taken relevance for being a mining settlement and a crossing territory between the most important cities of the region. In 1776 Puno ended being part of the viceroyalty of Peru, starting to being part of the viceroyalty of Río de la Plata, although it integrated again to Peru in 1796.On the Republic period, on the 19th century, the population of Puno was over the 6000 residents and the commercial development turned around different activities, as the agriculture and the textile, between other new industries. The University San Carlos de Puno was also founded, what motivated a bigger development of the culture, what favoured the new urban configuration that the city was taking.Nowadays Puno is a relevant city for the economic growth of the country, besides being considered the cultural capital of Peru. The tourism has grown quite a lot the last years, motivating the construction of an adequate infrastructure to receive the new visitors that each year come to 300.000 people.
The name Arequipa comes from the quechua word “ari-que-pay”, that refers to a legend about the inca Mayta Cápac; in the legend his subjects, impressed by the beauty of the place, asked him to stay and the inca answered: “yes, stay” (ari-que-pay).In the inca period the incas left the Arequipa territory in search of new places to conquer. The official foundation of the city took place in 1540, by the Spanish who arrived there to take advantage of the mines of the area in the colonial period.The city prospered quickly due to its advisable location in the mining transit path, becoming the most important commercial city, and standing out for its loyalty to the Spanish crown.During the republic, Arequipa was the place where concentrated most of the uprisings and social and political conflicts, what (later on time) would deserve its title of “Hero city of the free people of Arequipa”. Nowadays the city of Arequipa is one of the metropolis of higher economic, cultural and touristic importance inside the country.