"The City of Kings", as Lima is known, was founded in 1535 by Francisco Pizarro and became the center of Spanish power in Peru, during the colonial period.The urban planning of Lima is one of the colonial models in South America. Lima is known for its social, economical and cultural growth and stands out as the cultural center of Latin America; besides that, Lima is the home of San Marcos National University, the most ancient from America, founded in 1551.Lima is famous for being the viceroyalty capital of Peru and one of the cities most important of South America in the spanish regime period; after its independance in 1821 the city became the republic's capital. Before this period, the Baroque and Neoclassical style took the power on the streets, impregnating those architectural styles in the main constructions. The capital counts a high variety of tourist attractions that combine history and modernity, as you can see on the Historical Center. Another strong point of Lima is the food, there are many restaurants from the 3 Peruvian regions where you can live a complete gastronomical experience, given that the population is multicultural and mostly migrant. Live Peru from one of its corners, and enjoy tasting the culture that Peru offers you!
Lima is the capital and the most populous city in the Republic of Peru, located on the coast on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, it forms more than 70 km from north to south, with a highly populated area. Formerly it was the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru and the largest and most important city in South America during the Spanish empire. Internationally, it is the fifth largest city in Latin America, the third most populous metropolitan area in Latin America, and the fourth within the most populous cities in South America.
The weather in Lima is cool and comfortable, excellent if you want to spend a few days of total relaxation and without much sun or cold. In this city it is said that only summer and winter can be distinguished, since during the other seasons the climate remains almost the same. During the summer, which is from January to mid-March, the temperature can reach up to 27 ° C and the sun can be at its maximum. On the other hand, in winter, it drops to 14 ° C. It is important to take care of yourself leaving Arequipa because it is hot, so the change in climate can affect it.
Hotels in Lima
Like any capital city in a country, Lima has the widest variety of lodgings. From 5-star hotels, with all possible luxuries, to hostel´s or backpackers for travelers looking for cheaper options. The hotel industry is also not centered in one area, and can even get different accommodation options in different parts of the city, such as in the Center of Lima, Miraflores, San Isidro, Barranco, even outside the city, or beach places.
Restaurantes & Bars in Lima
Lima is not only the capital of Peru, but also of all its gastronomy. The fusion of flavors, cultures and history stands out deeply, making Lima's food a leading role in your visit to the city. Gastronomy can be termed as an incredible culinary journey. With the widest variety of dishes on offer in its restaurants, it is perhaps the city with the most diverse gastronomy on the planet, asserting itself as one of the world's leading, most recognized and award-winning culinary destinations.
The most tourist places in Lima
● The Metropolitan Cathedral Basilica of Lima and Primada del Perú is the Main Church of Peru. Its facade is Renaissance and its tall towers with slate spiers are neoclassical.
● Miraflores with its parks and its beautiful view of the sea, is the district with the most tourist attraction for renowned figures from the country and abroad. A district that, in addition to being beautiful, knew of great battles such as the one that occurred during the War of the Pacific on January 15, 1881.
● Plaza de Armas de Lima: Declared a World Heritage Site in 1991, it is one of the main parks in the city of Lima. It is located in the Historic Center and around it you can find the Cathedral of Lima and the Government Palace of Peru. It was here that San Martín proclaimed the country's independence in 1821, hence its importance also lies. Its planning was an order of King Carlos I of Spain in 1523.
● Huaca Pucllana: It is an archaeological complex that was built by the Lima culture and is made of adobe under the dynamic " technique of the book ". Its exact function is still a mystery, but investigations have found mummies inside, so it is possible that human sacrifices or religious rites were given here. Currently a tour of the huaca is offered.
● Costa Verde: It is the name by which this road is known, which crosses 8 different districts (La Punta, La Perla, San Miguel, Magdalena del Mar, San Isidro, Miraflores, Barranco and Chorrillos). Its construction began thanks to the then mayor of Lima, Luis Bedoya Reyes, and since then it has been a recreation space for both youth and adults. In 2019, it was a space used for the Pan American Games and the Parapan American Games.
● Parque de las Leyendas: It is a zoo located in the San Miguel district and is very popular with families due to its infinite possibilities for recreation. It not only has several animals that can be seen, but also activities and courses that will awaken the curiosity of the boy or girl. In addition, for a few months they offer a night tour, so that you can live a new experience in everything.
Important dates in Lima
● January 18 - Lima Anniversary: The Spanish foundation of Lima is celebrated, also called " The city of kings ". It is common for the municipality to organize various activities throughout the city and for different singers to gather in the Plaza de Armas to serenade the city.
● July 28 - National Holidays: Every July 28 a lot of activities are carried out, the main one being the military parade, in which the military forces present themselves with their weapons to honor the homeland. Popular parades are also held, where artists gather to dance the indigenous dances.
● October 18 - Feast of the Lord of Miracles: The most popular Saint in Lima is the Lord of Miracles, whose figure has been revered since he remained intact in a strong earthquake. The processions take place throughout the month and thousands of Peruvians gather to accompany him.
● October 31 - Day of the Creole Song: On this day the country is celebrated and the best Creole songs are sung. The neighbors gather to organize parties and peñas, accompanied by the cajón and the guitar, with excellent Peruvian dishes such as anticuchos or fried trout.
How to move around Lima?
There are 3 options to mobilize in the city of Cajamarca, tourists can opt for the public bus, commonly regulated by the municipality, a taxi run by a citizen who provides a service and a train, which serves as a support to transfer to places with higher density of population.
● Public bus: It is the most popular form of transportation within the city, as well as being very economical. The rate does not usually rise from S / 3 per person. The public bus has different stops where it picks up passengers, so the trip can be a little slow. However, there are exclusive corridors and routes for buses, which help to further accelerate the trip. These usually cost an additional value to the conventional bus.
● Taxi: This is the fastest way of transportation within the city. This means of transport goes straight to the desired destination. You can take one on the streets, calling a company or through an application. The rate here is usually higher, usually exceeding S / 10.
● Train: It is a service of greater capacity and speed than the bus, but limited to certain areas of the city. Generally the trip can cost no more than S / 3 per person.
How to reach Lima?
● Lima by bus: If you travel from Cuzco for example, your trip will take between 23 and 25 hours.
● Lima by train: You can get to Lima from Cuzco by train for approximately 200 dollars
● Lima by plane: Jorge Chávez International Airport is the main air terminal of the metropolitan city. It is located in the constitutional province of Callao but it is the natural airport of Lima.
Gastronomy in Lima
In the city of Lima, you will try delicious dishes such as:
- Causa Limeña.
- Suspiro a la Limeña.
Things to Buy in Lima
The most typical souvenirs that you can buy in Lima are:
- Peruvian paintings.
- Toro de Pucará.
- Stuffed alpacas.
Lima is the capital and the most populous city in Peru located in a tropical area on the edge of the Pacific Ocean. It should be noted that in the city it practically does not rain and its warm temperatures of 17.5 to 19 ° C, on average, make it very pleasant almost all year round. During the winter the cold is not extreme, and in the summer, when its gray sky is uncovered, it becomes very cozy to enjoy its extensive boardwalk. The social classes are very marked, as well as the architecture, order and security of the neighborhoods that comprise it.
Terminals in Tacna and Lima
● Terminal Terrestre Tacna.
● La Victoria Terminal (Av. Luna Pizarro).
● La Victoria Terminal (Av. Paseo de la República).
● Javier Prado Este Terminal.
● Terminal San Isidro (Av. Andrés Aramburú).
● Terminal Plaza Norte.
Bus Operators from the Lima to Tacna route
● Cromotex Transport
● Tacna International Tourism
Lima may be a city with a lot of history, but it is also modern. It has the largest water source park in Latin America, which you cannot miss. And if what you are looking for is bohemian, independent and intellectual art, you should go to explore the corners of the Barranco neighborhood. During the day you will find beautiful fairs and outdoor activities, and at night, the fun continues. Now if what you want is a beautiful landscape, walking or exercising, then you must visit Miraflores. Strolling along its long boardwalk during the day, with the infinite view of the Pacific Ocean, is revitalizing, but you must also live its night, with its incredible high-end bars and clubs.