Arequipa to Desaguadero Bus
The route from Arequipa to Desaguadero is at a distance of 273 mi (439 km) and it takes about 10 hours of travel by land. The transportation company Civa covers this route, providing bus tickets at s/. 30. Buses leave at 9:00 p.m. from the Terminal Terrestre of Arequipa, destination the terminal of Desaguadero city. The weather of Desaguadero is temperate, with an average temperature of 48 °F (9 °C).
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The name Arequipa comes from the quechua word “ari-que-pay”, that refers to a legend about the inca Mayta Cápac; in the legend his subjects, impressed by the beauty of the place, asked him to stay and the inca answered: “yes, stay” (ari-que-pay).In the inca period the incas left the Arequipa territory in search of new places to conquer. The official foundation of the city took place in 1540, by the Spanish who arrived there to take advantage of the mines of the area in the colonial period.The city prospered quickly due to its advisable location in the mining transit path, becoming the most important commercial city, and standing out for its loyalty to the Spanish crown.During the republic, Arequipa was the place where concentrated most of the uprisings and social and political conflicts, what (later on time) would deserve its title of “Hero city of the free people of Arequipa”. Nowadays the city of Arequipa is one of the metropolis of higher economic, cultural and touristic importance inside the country.
The territory of Desaguadero was inhabited from the pre-Incan period by several indigenous communities and little tribes which were the origin of the Lupaca kingdom. This kingdom consisted of inhabitants of the aymara ethnic group, who for a long time controlled the high Andean plateau lands until being conquered by the powerful Incan culture, at this time under the leadership of the inca Mayta Cápac. During his control, the inca ordered to build a bridge made of “totora” (large reed). This bridge was known as Chacamarka. “Chaca” means “place where the river crosses” and “marka” means “town”. The complete interpretation is “place where you cross the river to get to the town”. With the Spanish arrival the few things that remained of the Lupaca kingdom’s splendour disappeared due to the constant sacking and destruction. Nevertheless, the aymara were for a while under a special consideration, owing to their indomitable and rebel character. The residents of the city gave up the name of Chacamarka to accept the name of Desaguadero, since it’s the place where the Titicaca waters flow (“desaguar” means drain). The district was created during the Independence period, but it was in 1954 that it was established legally. The waters of the river separate the Peruvian side from the Bolivian side. The Peruvian side is located inside the Chucuito province and the bolivian side at the province of Ingavi.