Arequipa to Juliaca Bus
The travel from Arequipa to Juliaca takes about 5 hours, being a distance to go through of 167 mi (269 km). The terrestrial transportation company Civa covers this route, providing cheap bus tickets Arequipa - Juliaca at s/. 30 (the cost changes depending on the seasons). Buses leave from the Terminal Terrestre next to Av. Arturo Ibáñez, in Arequipa's center, on the schedule from 9:30 a.m. to 9:00 p.m., destination the terminal Jr. San Martín, in the central area of Juliaca. Upon arrival you will be very cold, because temperatures in Juliaca oscillate from 39 °F (4 °C) to 44 °F (7 °C), even if some warmest months it can reach maximum of 62 °F (17 °C). In June and July (coldest months of winter) temperatures can drop to less than 32 °F (0 °C). If you travel to Juliaca during those cold months, bring with you thermal clothes, wool sweaters, gloves for the hands, lipstick to protect your lips and cream for your face (the huge cold can chap them).
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The name Arequipa comes from the quechua word “ari-que-pay”, that refers to a legend about the inca Mayta Cápac; in the legend his subjects, impressed by the beauty of the place, asked him to stay and the inca answered: “yes, stay” (ari-que-pay).In the inca period the incas left the Arequipa territory in search of new places to conquer. The official foundation of the city took place in 1540, by the Spanish who arrived there to take advantage of the mines of the area in the colonial period.The city prospered quickly due to its advisable location in the mining transit path, becoming the most important commercial city, and standing out for its loyalty to the Spanish crown.During the republic, Arequipa was the place where concentrated most of the uprisings and social and political conflicts, what (later on time) would deserve its title of “Hero city of the free people of Arequipa”. Nowadays the city of Arequipa is one of the metropolis of higher economic, cultural and touristic importance inside the country.
The high plain territory where is located the current Juliaca -also known as the “city of winds”- is rich in history and traditions. It was settled more than 4000 years B.C. by tribes mostly dedicated to agriculture and Andean stockbreeding (llama shepherding and guinea pig breeding).Between the years 200 B.C. and 200 A.D. the Pukara culture dominated the high plain region, leaving traces of its presence in Juliaca on the founded archaeologic remains. In the following centuries, the Tiahuanaco, Colla and Inka cultures fought for the hegemony of the high plain. The incas were the ones who prevailed over the other ones in the fight for the Andean supremacy, under the leadership of Pachacutec.With the Spanish arrival, there was a high plain lands distribution, that culminated with the Spanish foundation of the town of Santa Catalina de Juliaca. During the colonial period the city was scenary of indigenous uprisings against the Spanish domination.In the Republic period, after obtained the Independence of Peru, Juliaca was a rural city until the construction of the railway station (1873) that allowed a greater communication and exchange with the most important cities of the Andean south as Cusco or Arequipa, besides making easier the access of Peruvian and foreign visitors.In 1926 was created, by a supreme order, the province of San Roman, what allowed for the ascent of Juliaca to capital.