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Lima to Marcona Bus
The distance from Lima to the port town of Marcona is 327 mi (527 km) and it takes about 8 hours by land. The transportation companies Excluciva and Tepsa cover this route with bus tickets from s/. 70 to s/. 120. The buses leave from the terminals of South and Central Lima, in the schedule from 9:00 p.m. to 9:20 p.m. In the destination city the terminals are located in the central area, close to the Boulevard de Marcona. The climate in Marcona is arid with maximum temperatures of 86 °F (30 °C) and minimum of 61 °F (16 °C).
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"The City of Kings", as Lima is known, was founded in 1535 by Francisco Pizarro and became the center of Spanish power in Peru, during the colonial period.The urban planning of Lima is one of the colonial models in South America. Lima is known for its social, economical and cultural growth and stands out as the cultural center of Latin America; besides that, Lima is the home of San Marcos National University, the most ancient from America, founded in 1551.Lima is famous for being the viceroyalty capital of Peru and one of the cities most important of South America in the spanish regime period; after its independance in 1821 the city became the republic's capital. Before this period, the Baroque and Neoclassical style took the power on the streets, impregnating those architectural styles in the main constructions. The capital counts a high variety of tourist attractions that combine history and modernity, as you can see on the Historical Center. Another strong point of Lima is the food, there are many restaurants from the 3 Peruvian regions where you can live a complete gastronomical experience, given that the population is multicultural and mostly migrant. Live Peru from one of its corners, and enjoy tasting the culture that Peru offers you!
In 1850 occured at the coast of Punta de San Juan city (today Marcona) the accident of the first Peruvian steamboat BAP Rimac, in which hundreds of people died, being a survivor the writer Ricardo Palma.In 1870 the researcher Antonio Raimondi recognized that there were numerous iron deposits in the area, but it was in 1915 that the explorations started. In 1943 was created the Corporacion Peruana del Santa to take advantage of the resources of the area and years later there were international companies that joined, creating the first mining camp.During the government of Juan Velasco Alvarado the deposit that was used for 17 years was nationalized and from the first government of Alberto Fujimori the Corporacion Shougang de China is in charge of the area until nowadays.