Tacna to Moquegua Bus
The route from Tacna to Moquegua is at a distance of 99 mi (159 km) and it takes about 3 hours on the highway. Oltursa is the transportation company that covers this route, providing low-cost bus tickets from s/. 10 to s/. 15. The buses leave at 3:00 p.m. from the Terminal Terrestre located in the outskirts of Tacna, destination to the terminal placed in a central area of Moquegua city. The weather in Moquegua is temperate and warm, with an average temperature of 77 °F (25 °C).
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The first Hispanic settlements in Tacna date from 1572. In the pre-Columbian period, the territory was inhabited by different indigenous communities as the uros, lupacas and camanchacos, until the arrival of the inca Túpac Yupanqui, who conquered Tacna, adding the territory to the Incan Empire. During the colonial period there were indigenous uprisings that would cause the reduction of the population by the Spanish soldiers hands. After the independence in 1821, Tacna would be recognized as the “heroic city” for the role of the city and the locals in the achievement of the Peru’s independence. Inside the history, rich of historical events, Tacna passed from being a Peruvian city to taking part of the Chilean territory, as direct result of the Pacific War (war between Peru and Chile); at this war, part of Tacna had to be given. However, in 1929 Tacna joins again Peru, after more than 50 years being in possession of Chile. In Tacna took place the most important events of the 20th century as the “Tacnazo”, coup d’état where the military government of the president Juan Velasco Alvarado was overthrown.
On the Early Horizon period of Peru, the region was controlled by the Pucara culture and on the Medium Horizon by the Tiahuanaco culture. In 1540 the Spanish arrived looking for new lands to settle and it was in 1541 that Moquegua was founded, at the same time than the Ilo harbor.Moquegua standed out in the fight to acquire the independence, reason why on January the 9th 1823 acquired the title of city. Moquegua was part of the independence of Arequipa and then part of the 7 provinces of the department, a position that the city conserved until the decade of 1830.