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Abancay to Ica Bus
The distance from Abancay to Ica is 376 mi (605 km) and it takes about 11 hours of travel by land. The transportation companies that cover this route are Oltursa, Excluciva, Tepsa and Civa; they provide bus tickets from s/. 80 to s/. 170. Buses leave from the Terminal Terrestre de Abancay, in a schedule from 6:30 p.m. to 11:00 p.m. Their destination is the terminals located in roads of the central area of Ica city. The weather of Ica is warm and desert, with an average temperature of 71 °F (22 °C) throughout the year.
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The territory of Abancay was settled long time before the inca’s expansion. The city was founded as a Spanish colony in 1574 by Ruiz de Estrada, under the name of Amancay (or Villa de Santiago de los Reyes). The origin of the name comes from the adaptation of Amankay, a native flower of the region. In the colonial period it was an important commercial exchange center due to its location between the mountains and the coast. It was also the scene of the uprising of Micaela Bastidas and her husband Tupac Amaru II in 1781, who looked for releasing Peru from the Spanish oppression without success; however, they made history as predecessors of the American Independence. For long time Abancay was part of the Cusco department until the creation of the Apurimac department in 1873. During the republican period Abancay achieved the category of city. Due to the attendance of foreign families and families from other territories in Peru, the city had a urban, social and cultural configuration, rich in diversity, what made of Abancay a modern metropolis in constant development. Nowadays Abancay is one of the most settled cities of the Apurimac department.
In the Ica territory flowered 2 of the most important cultures that lived in this part of the continent. The Paracas culture (600 B. C. - 100 A.D.) and the Naza culture (100 A.D. - 800 A.D.) were the first civilizations of Ica, followed by the Chincha culture (800 A.D. - 1476 A.D.), but there are not many registers of the last one. With the expansion of the Incan Empire, the end of the Chincha culture would arrive, consolidating as new power of the territory of Ica until the arrival of the Spanish and the subsequent conquest. After the foundation by the Spanish, Ica would become a commercial region, characterized by its textile and winemaking industries, which saw its origin in 1540, when Nicolás de Ribera el Viejo produced the first eau-de-vie with the Ica raisins.