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Paracas to Ica Bus
The travel from the beach-city of Paracas to the warm city of Ica is at a distance of 50 mi (81 km) and takes about 1 hour by land. Oltursa and Perú Bus are the main transportation companies that cover this route. The cost of the bus tickets is cheap and you can find from s/. 8 to s/. 35. Buses leave on the schedule from 7:20 p.m. to 8:20 p.m. from the terminals located in a central avenue of Paracas. In Ica the buses will arrive to the terminals closest to the Plaza de Armas. The climate in Ica is warm, feature of the sub-tropical dry weather, with an average temperature of 71 °F (22 °C).
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In the current territory of Paracas, it flowered the ancestral civilisation of the culture known as Paracas, during the pre-Incan period. This culture was characterized by its textile art, very advanced for that period, due to its funerary rituals and the cranium trepanations, which were made to remove bad spirits. The Paracas culture is also known for deforming their heads until having them lengthened with a conical shape. The archaeological remains of this culture were found by the archaeologist Julio C. Tello in 1925. In 1820, six ships disembarked at its coast, and were part of the Ejército Libertador, from the Freedom Expedition of Peru, commanded by the General José de San Martín. The name Paracas means “sand rain” due to the strong winds that bring sand remains, typical of this territory (those winds reach speeds of 20 miles/32 kms per hour).
In the Ica territory flowered 2 of the most important cultures that lived in this part of the continent. The Paracas culture (600 B. C. - 100 A.D.) and the Naza culture (100 A.D. - 800 A.D.) were the first civilizations of Ica, followed by the Chincha culture (800 A.D. - 1476 A.D.), but there are not many registers of the last one. With the expansion of the Incan Empire, the end of the Chincha culture would arrive, consolidating as new power of the territory of Ica until the arrival of the Spanish and the subsequent conquest. After the foundation by the Spanish, Ica would become a commercial region, characterized by its textile and winemaking industries, which saw its origin in 1540, when Nicolás de Ribera el Viejo produced the first eau-de-vie with the Ica raisins.