Pisco to Ica Bus
The distance from Pisco to Ica is approximately 43.5 mi (70 km) that take about one hour by bus. PeruBus is the terrestrial transportation company that covers this route Pisco - Ica providing bus tickets at s/ 8. The buses leave at 7:00 a.m. and 4:15 p.m. from the terminal Ernesto Diez Canseco in Pisco, destination to the terminal of Av. Matias Manzanilla 130, placed in Ica. This destination has a temperate and desert climate, with a lot of humidity in the littoral area; the annual average temperature is 66.7 °F (19.3 °C) and registers limited precipitations, concentrated in January, February and March. We stand out the strong winds that blow sometimes, called "paracas", that generate dunes.
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The territory of Pisco was the place where the main pre-Hispanic cultures were settled, from 1000 B.C., and so it’s one of the richest and most abundant provinces in archaeological remains. The cultures that stand out are Paracas and Nazca, both maximum examples of the pre-Hispanic textile and ceramic arts, respectively. During the colonial period was founded the city of Pisco as Villa de San Clemente de Mancera, altough its settlers used to call the city Villa de Pisco. The meaning of Pisco is bird in quechua. This flourishing port villa suffered the attacks of the most well-known pirates of that period, besides natural catastrophes that forced the city to move to the current place, at the south of the Pisco river mouth. This is how in 1689 the city would be again founded, but this time, under the name of Villa de Nuestra Senora de la Concordia de Pisco.In the last years of the colonial period, near the Independence of Peru, Jose de San Martin arrived to Pisco. He disembarked in the Paracas bay, place where the first flag of Peru was created. For that reason among others in 1832 Pisco was declared Villa and Port of the Independence. However, it was in 1898 that the villa obtained the title of city, transforming into the capital of the province. Nowadays the city preserves its fame and prestige as port and agricultural city, besides its rooted winemaking tradition that go beyond borders.
In the Ica territory flowered 2 of the most important cultures that lived in this part of the continent. The Paracas culture (600 B. C. - 100 A.D.) and the Naza culture (100 A.D. - 800 A.D.) were the first civilizations of Ica, followed by the Chincha culture (800 A.D. - 1476 A.D.), but there are not many registers of the last one. With the expansion of the Incan Empire, the end of the Chincha culture would arrive, consolidating as new power of the territory of Ica until the arrival of the Spanish and the subsequent conquest. After the foundation by the Spanish, Ica would become a commercial region, characterized by its textile and winemaking industries, which saw its origin in 1540, when Nicolás de Ribera el Viejo produced the first eau-de-vie with the Ica raisins.