Chincha to Ica Bus
The distance from Chincha to Ica is 67 mi (108 km) and it takes about 2 hours on the highway to get there. Perú Bus is the main transport company that covers this destination, with bus tickets low-cost, from s/.8 to s/.9. Buses leave from 5:45 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. from a principal avenue on Chincha centre. The destination of the buses is the terminal Av. Matías Manzanilla, next to the Plaza de Armas of Ica. The climate of Ica is warm and desert, with an average temperature of 71°F (22°C); in the summer temperatures can reach 97°F (36°C). Most of the year the days in Ica are sunny and warm and there are strong winds called "paracas" by locals.
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The word Chincha comes from the word “chinchay”, which means “jaguar”, the main deity of the Chincha culture. The chincha are considered the most renowned merchants of the pre-Hispanic period, skillful to transport goods through the maritime and terrestrial routes. This culture resisted to the inca domination, but was defeated in the 15th century, and was assimilated to the empire; with the passing of time the chinchas under the inca domination contributed to expand the empire.In 1537 with the Spanish arrival the city was founded under the name of “Villa Santiago de Almagro”. It was in the colonial period that took place the miscegenation between indigenous, Spanish and black people, what supposed a cultural change that would establish the basis of the future culture of the modern Chincha. In October the 13th 1900 a law divided the province of Chincha, and so the capital moved to Chincha Alta.*A curious detail is that Chincha could have been the peruvian capital, but the murder of Diego de Almagro changed completely the plans of the colonial organization.
In the Ica territory flowered 2 of the most important cultures that lived in this part of the continent. The Paracas culture (600 B. C. - 100 A.D.) and the Naza culture (100 A.D. - 800 A.D.) were the first civilizations of Ica, followed by the Chincha culture (800 A.D. - 1476 A.D.), but there are not many registers of the last one. With the expansion of the Incan Empire, the end of the Chincha culture would arrive, consolidating as new power of the territory of Ica until the arrival of the Spanish and the subsequent conquest. After the foundation by the Spanish, Ica would become a commercial region, characterized by its textile and winemaking industries, which saw its origin in 1540, when Nicolás de Ribera el Viejo produced the first eau-de-vie with the Ica raisins.