Paracas to Nazca Bus
The distance from Paracas to Nazca is 133 mi (214 km) and the travel takes about 3 hours on the highway. The main terrestrial transportation company that covers this route is Oltursa, with bus tickets Paracas - Nazca at s/. 35 to s/. 49. The buses leave from the terminal of Av. Paracas, in the urban area of the city, destination to the terminal of Av. Lima, close to the Plaza de Armas of Nazca. The climate in Nazca is sunny and desert, besides presenting a high radiation from the Sun. The temperatures in Nazca oscillate from 59 °F (15 °C) to 86 °F (30 °C).
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In the current territory of Paracas, it flowered the ancestral civilisation of the culture known as Paracas, during the pre-Incan period. This culture was characterized by its textile art, very advanced for that period, due to its funerary rituals and the cranium trepanations, which were made to remove bad spirits. The Paracas culture is also known for deforming their heads until having them lengthened with a conical shape. The archaeological remains of this culture were found by the archaeologist Julio C. Tello in 1925. In 1820, six ships disembarked at its coast, and were part of the Ejército Libertador, from the Freedom Expedition of Peru, commanded by the General José de San Martín. The name Paracas means “sand rain” due to the strong winds that bring sand remains, typical of this territory (those winds reach speeds of 20 miles/32 kms per hour).
At the current territory of Nazca flowered on the 1st century A.D. the Nazca culture. The researches and exploration of places and remains left by this culture indicate that this would be a direct continuation of the Paracas culture. Unlike the Paracas, who developed until perfection the textile art, the Nazca were the masters of pottery, standing out also for the hydraulic engineering present in the aqueduct construction (which is still used nowadays) and the impressive geoglyphs, which are known as the Nazca Lines. Between 700 and 900 A.D. took place the decadence of the Nazca culture, due to natural reasons. In 1901, the German archaeolologist Max Uhle discovered the potter legacy of the Nazca, which dates from 200, 500 and 700 D.C. Subsequently, in 1939, the American Paul Kosok would discover, without plnanning it, the Nazca Lines, while he was overflying the desert where they are.