In 1850 occured at the coast of Punta de San Juan city (today Marcona) the accident of the first Peruvian steamboat BAP Rimac, in which hundreds of people died, being a survivor the writer Ricardo Palma.In 1870 the researcher Antonio Raimondi recognized that there were numerous iron deposits in the area, but it was in 1915 that the explorations started. In 1943 was created the Corporacion Peruana del Santa to take advantage of the resources of the area and years later there were international companies that joined, creating the first mining camp.During the government of Juan Velasco Alvarado the deposit that was used for 17 years was nationalized and from the first government of Alberto Fujimori the Corporacion Shougang de China is in charge of the area until nowadays.
Travel tips for Marcona
-Due to its proximity to the sea, it's important to pay attention to the swell and tide.-It's recommended to bring varied clothes to use pale colors during the day and in the evening warm clothes, since the thermal sensation can be colder. Don't you forget the sunscreen for the sun rays that reflect in the sand.On your visit to Marcona you will have means of transportation as taxis, shared taxis and mototaxis.For the adventure tours through the tourist places in the surroundings of the city you can hire 4x4 vans, quads and sand cars.The rates in taxis oscillate from s/ 5 to s/ 10, depending on the areas where you go. You can negotiate the rate previously with the taxi driver.The prices of the mototaxis are usually the lowest, but we must remember that you can not use them in long-distance routes.The city of Marcona doesn't present high risks for the traveler, if and when he takes the appropriate cautions to avoid little thefts.In the remote areas or some beaches where the traveler can camp it's important to be watchful, since the solitude of the area and the darkness of the night can be used by a criminal to attack.The sand storms can be unexpected, so try to check the weather before leaving to get to know tourist places on the outskirts of the city. If you are in a sand storm, take it easy and try to protect yourself in a closed place so that your sight is not affected or something. If you are in a car in the highway, it's recommended to set you aside or looking for a nearby construction to wait until it's finished to avoid a crash or other worries with the sand.
Best time to visit Marcona
The best moment to visit Marcona is in February, to participate at the Semana Turistica de Marcona, where there are lots of activities to enjoy.
Climate in Marcona
-The climate in Marcona is arid-warm and presents an average temperature that oscillates from 73,4 °F (23 °C) to 64,4 °F (18 °C). At the moments when the season changes there are strong sand winds called "paracas".
Things to do in Marcona
Nightlife in Marcona
Base 3 Karaoke & Bar
Location: Av. Bolognesi 47, close to the Iglesia Evangélica Peruana Marcona Hours: 7:00 p.m. - 3:00 a.m. Rate: no available information Base 3 is a good place to spend a funny moment with friends or sing the songs that you like or the in style songs, while you have some of the drinks that are proposed in the menu.
Discoteca La Cascada
Location: Andrés Avelino Cáceres s/n, close to the Hotel Davar Hours: no available information Rate: no available information At this place you can enjoy music shows with artists of diverse dancing genres for you to have a great moment with your friends. There are usually events in important dates with special offers that you could be interested in.
Club de Empleados Karaoke Bar
Location: Close to the traffic circle located in the street Los Incas Hours: 5:00 p.m. - 1:00 a.m. Monday to Friday / 5:00 p.m. - 5:00 a.m. Saturday and Sunday Rate: no available information If you look for a place where sharing a karaoke with your friends, have a beer or other drinks, or even dancing the most cheerful songs, the Club de Empleados Karaoke Bar allows you to do it in just one place. Sometimes there are competitions where you can win interesting prices to carry on with the party.
Where to eat in Marcona?
Con Sabor a Puerto
Location: Area of San Pedro, close to the Muelle Pescadores Hours: 10:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. Rate: no available information Delicious plates as chaufa de pescado, chaufa con mariscos, sudado de pescado, parihuela or chicharron are some of the dishes that you will taste, besides having a beautiful view of the sea, the fishermen and the boats.
Restaurant Cevicheria Kaprichos
Location: AV Haya de la Torre G3, San Juan Bautista Hours: 10:00 a.m. - 7:00 p.m. Rate: no available information Taste the delights that the sea offers in various preparations as ceviche, parihuela, causa de pescado, arroz con mariscos in an atmosphere not so sumptuous, but with a dedicated service.
El Bitute Piqueos Bar
Location: Av. Andrés Avelino Cáceres s/n Hours: no available information Rate: no available information A diversity of creole and marine food is what you will choose in this restaurant, with dishes as lomo saltado, arroz chaufa, salchipapa so that you don't miss your land.
Location: Boulevard Túpac Amaru B-13 (Ex-Moralitos) Hours: no available information Rate: no available information
The tourist places to see in Marcona are:
Plaza de Armas
Location: Downtown of the city Hours: all day Price: free entrance In the square you can see a bridge that connects the floor with one of the top floors of the municipality of the city. This fact allows an interesting view, since it's located in the highest part of it. There is also a fountain with a sculpture that shows the wealth in fauna that has the district in the surrounding area.
La Herradura, Acapulco, Pingüinos, Leones beaches
Location: in the coast of the city Hours: all day Price: free entrance There are beautiful panoramic views with a desirable weather and calm swell is what you can find at those beaches surrounded of cliffs. You can practice marine sports and admire huge headlands -rocky peaks that stand above the sea- with particular shapes that are similar to people, animals, monsters, and fantasy beings.
La Lobera and El Hambre Beaches
Location: at 3.7 mi (6 km) from the city Hours: all day Price: free entrance Awesome beaches in the outskirts of the city with a stronger swell to practice water sports as surf and windsurf; you can also appreciate rocks with showy shapes that wake up the creativity of everyone who looks at them.
Bay of San Fernando
Location: on the rural road that follows San Nicolas highway, close to the coast of the Pacific ocean. Hours: all day Price: there are specialized tours One of the most beautiful places to visit in the proximity of the city, that allow to see natural rock landscapes, species as condors, Humboldt penguins and seals. You can as well swim, have a refreshing bath in the Pacific ocean, to visit later the natural national reserve of San Fernando that harbors the majesty of the area's fauna. You can do funny tours in cars in the desert areas close to the area.
The things to do in Marcona
Location: beaches of the city The heat of the area and its advantageous location close to the Pacific ocean make real the chance of practicing sports as jet ski, sport fishing or diving, that are really refreshing. If you are adventurous and look for intense excitement you can try flyboard to do somersaults in the water.
Sighting of beautiful animal species
Location: at 40 minutes from the city Get to know about the beauty of species in the coast and mountain range in its natural habitat, as Humboldt penguins, seals, guanacos or condors that fly in the natural landscapes of the region.
Sports in the sand
Location: in the coast of the city and surrounding If you have never tried a quad and accelerate to the maximum, feeling the adrenalin when practicing sandboard or the excitement of going through dunesby car. What are you waiting for? Marcona is a destination where you can enjoy all those activities.
Typical dishes in Marcona
Fishes and shellfish
You can taste fresh fish in diverse preparations as ceviches, parihuelas and jaleas of marine species that leave in the area.
Picante de Cochayuyo
Cochayuyo is a marine seaweed rich in proteins and minerals accompanied with fried crunchy squid and canchita (a kind of fried corn), a specialty of the place served in many restaurants.
Tallarín de arañas
An exquisite dish of pasta with crustaceans that belong to the family of crabs and a delicious red sauce.
Ceviche de erizo
This sea urchin (erizo) is a little animal that sometimes is unseen, but despite its strange appearance has a special flavor. It's usually prepared as a ceviche (fish cooked in lemon) and has a spice flavor.
How to reach Marcona
Marcona by train
There is no train to Marcona. However, there is a project to build a railway from Marcona to Andahuaylas, but it's still a project.
Marcona by flight
The Aeropuerto Naval Marcona is close to the city, but it only receives special flights. There are no flights with passengers from other airports. The airport of Coronel FAP Alfredo Mendivil Duarte in Ayacucho is at a distance of 155 mi (249 km) from Marcona. There aren't a lot of operations in this airport neither, just 4 per day. Latam and CP Peru are the main airlines that operate in Ayacucho.
Marcona by bus
From Lima to Marcona there are 327 mi (527 km), and to go through this distance take 8 hours by bus. The companies that cover the route are Tepsa and Excluciva, that leave at 9:00 p.m. and 9: 15 p.m. from the terminal of Javier Prado Este 1155.
Accomodations in Marcona
Location: Av. Andrés Avelino Cáceres Rate: no available information It's placed close to the municipality of Marcona, it's a welcoming hotel with various restaurants around to enjoy the gastronomy of the place. The restaurant propose low-cost rates.
Location: Tupac Amaru B-12 Marcona, Ica, Peru Rate: from s/ 40 to s/ 70 The rooms have cable tv and wifi, jacuzzi and laundry service. Due to its location there is easy access to the boulevard and the Plaza de Armas of the city.
Location: San Martín de Porras H.15 Rate: s/ 88 It started as a little house that provided lodging to travelers and nowadays is a hotel with diverse amenities as spa, free wifi in the common areas, a bar and laundry service. It's located in a central area of the city, you will be close to the nearby beaches.
Important dates in Marcona
Semana Turistica de Marcona
Date: middle February
At this celebration there are diverse tourist attractions that the city offers as dances, gastronomy fairs, tourist rally of motorbikes, the competition of the Tourism Lady of Marcona, practice of water sports, ecologic visits and music presentations that give a festive environment to locals and visitors.
Aniversario del Distrito
As part of the city's celebration, the Municipality celebrates artist, cultural, sport events which look for promoting the feeling of unit and brotherhood among the settlers. There is also an exhibition of the gastronomy of the place, a presentation of artists and launch of fireworks that reflect in the sea the last days of the celebration.
At this date you can feel the fervor of the devoted people in the air, the celebrations include masses, altars, change of flowers and processions of Cristo Crucificado and Nuestra Virgen Dolorosa. You will see travelers from other towns of the country this date.