The history of the first settlers of the Jaen territory dates from 1000 to 1500 b.C. A proof of it is the human settlements found in the province, where the visitor can appreciate the pottery and archaeologic remains that are a sample of the architecture and art of this emerging culture. Those inhabitants were part of tribes who lived in presumable harmony, although the most renowned were the pakamuros (or bracamoros). The name of this tribe comes from the word "pukamoros" (puka = red, muro = pintado), a name given by the inca Huayna Capac, after being defeated by the bravery of this town of Amazonian roots. The name is also reference of the red paintings that the inhabitants made on their faces and chest when they went to war or to do a celebration.During the Spanish conquest, the autonomous development of this population was interrupted, ending with the colonization and foundation of the city of Jaen de Bracamoros, in 1549. During the war of Independence, Jaen supported the independence of Trujillo, proclaiming its own independence on June the 4th 1821, and being converted in the crib of the Peruvian patriotism. From 1855 Jaen is part of the Cajamarca department.
Travel tips for Jaen
-In Jaen are produced the best quality of rice and coffee (to export). Don't you waste the chance of buying those products in any of the agriculture and lifestock fairs of the city.-The distance from Lima to Jaen is 674 mi (1085 km) and from Cajamarca to Jaen there are 388 mi (625 km). There are 2 highways that connect the city with the other cities of the country.-You can get to Jaen by bus or in a direct flight to the airport of Shumba, the name of the Jaen airport.-The airport has flights to Lima, Chiclayo, Trujillo, Piura, Cajamarca and Chachapoyas (the route from Jaen to Chachapoyas is one of the favourites among the tourists).The shared taxis and mototaxis are the most common means of transportation in the urban area of Jaen. At just a few soles (s/ 1 to s/ 6) you can get to the downtown and the outskirts, choosing the taxi or mototaxi.The landsliding, commonly named "huaycos", are the main natural risk in the province of Jaen, due to its geography and climate of strong rains. If there is a day too much rainy, avoid to go out from the safe areas of the city. Or if you are in the outskirts of the urban area, don't you expose yourself to innecesary risks as being close to mounds or rivers (the riverbed increases with a risk of overflow). If you go by car take your cautions, since the highways become very danger when it rains.Another risk of the strong rains that fall down in Jaen are floods. Watch over your valuable objects, which can be damaged as laptops or other electronic devices.
Best time to visit Jaen
The best period to visit Jaen is in September, since it's part of the less rainy season and the celebration of Senor de Huamantanga takes place, so you can participate in the activities.
Climate in Jaen
-Jaen is located between the jungle and the Cajamarca mountain range and so its climate is one of the warmest in Peru; the maximum temperatures are 86 °F (30 °C) and minimum of 66,2 °F (19 °C).-The rains in Jaen are strong, although refreshing in the warmest periods. Be ready with a raincoat, rubber boots or an umbrella.
Things to do in Jaen
Nightlife in Jaen
Peña Karaoke Bohemia
Location: Jr. Cruz de Piedra 118 Hours: There is no information Price: There is no information
Rest Pub Karaoke 301
Location: Jr. Mariscal Eloy Ureta 1630 Hours: There is no information Price: There is no information
Location: Av. Mariscal Castilla 1401 Hours: There is no information Price: There is no information
Where to eat in Jaen?
Restaurant Turístico Lactobac
Location: Jr. Simón Bolivar 1379 Hours: 7:30 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Price: s/ 15 on average Facing the Plaza de Armas, the Lactobac is one of the most visited restaurants by locals and visitors, due to the varied menu that propose breakfasts, lunches and dinners. The specialy of the house is pollo a la brasa (roasted chicken) with a drink of chicha morada, a delicious temptation that you can not resist.
Restaurante La Cabaña
Location: Calle Bolivar 1332 Hours: 7:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Price: s/ 12 - s/ 30 This snack bar - restaurant - juice shop - chicken shop (that also prepares grills and marine food based in fishes and shellfish), you will find a large variety of foods, juices and drinks to take at any moment of the day. The restaurant has rooms to enjoy a great breakfast, lunch or diner in a comfortable way.
Chifa Vegetariano Fuente de Vida
Location: Calle Mariscal Castilla 421 Hours: There is no information Price: There is no information.
The tourist places to see in Jaen are:
Plaza de Armas de Jaen
Location: between the streets Av. Bolivar and Mariscal Castilla Hours: all day Price: free entrance This square is considered one of the most beautiful of the coutry. You can find green areas, trees, palm trees, and places to sit down and a fountain in plate shape of great size in the center. From there you can admire the Iglesia Catedral, the municipality and the mountains that surround the city.
Iglesia Catedral de Jaen
Location: at 20 meters from the Plaza de Armas Hours: 3:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m. Price: free entrance It's a modern architecture construction where you can see the image of the Huamantanga Christ, patron saint of the city and the image of la Virgen del Rosario, an sculpture that dates from the first years of the colonial period. The central nave has a height of 15 meters. Inside you can appreciate colored stained glass windows that also decorate the tower of the clock, that has nearly 30 meters of height, and you can admire it in one side of the main entrance.
Museo Regional Hermógenes Mejía Solf
Location at 1 mi (2 km) from the Plaza de Armas, inside the “Instituto Tecnológico 4 de Junio de 1821” Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. Price: free entrance (asking the permission to the owner) It's the emblem museum of Jaen city. Inside you will find archaeological remains of the pakamuros and the main cultures of the Amazonia as pottery, goldsmithing, tools, among others. You will also appreciate anthropology exhibitions, art, nature, paleontology and archaeology.
Thermal waters El Almendral
Location: at 15.5 mi (25 km) from Jaen, close to the intersection of the Chamaya and Maranon rivers Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. Price: s/ 1 At this natural thermal waters there is a high concentration of minerals (iron and sulfur); you can soothe the muscular illnesses and ease the tension of the travel. The temperature of the water is between 95 °F (35 °C) and 113 °F (45 °C).
Jardin Botanico de Jaen
Location: at 2.4 mi (4 km) to the south-east of the city (10 min. by car) Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. Price: free entrance With mostly one hectare, the bothanic garden harbors more than 200 species of flora from the region (native and introduced later) as orchids, begonias and many others, among the ones some endangered. Inside there is a greenhouse for the plants that do not require sun light to live. Probably you are not the only visitor, since it's a very visited place by locals and foreigners. A peculiarity of the garden, besides the nice environments, is that you can acquire at an affordable price varieties of flowers and plants that are located inside.
The things to do in Jaen
Ecoturismo en el Bosque Señor de Huamantanga
Location: in the little towns of La Virginia and Cascarilla, district of Jaen Hours: all day Price: free entrance This misty forest of lush nature is an area of preservation for the endangered species. You will be fascinated to see the incomparable Gallito de las Rocas, one of the most representative bird species of the Peruvian jungle, or the magic tapir, protagonist of legends of the Amazonia.
Typical dishes in Jaen
Chicharrón con mote
It's pork meat fried in its own fat. It's served with corn of cut kernels off or husked wheat, with onion sauce as you like.
It's a soup meat that is seasoned with garlic, onion and mint, that you add potatoes, cheese, eggs and paico (a spice)
Humitas de choclo
It's dough prepared with choclo (corn) and a seasoning of garlic, butter, cheese, and egg yolk. It's put on a panca (corn leaf) that has cheese slices. It's cooked steamed. It's a delicious appetizer. There are other dishes that you should taste as mechado de res, shurumbo, picante de papa con cuy frito, carne seca con chifles. You can take it with one of the typical drinks of Jaen as guayusa and rompope.
How to reach Jaen
Jaen by train
There isn't nowadays a railway route to get to Jaen.
Jaen by flight
The Aeropuerto de Jaen, also called Aeropuerto de Shumba is the airport that serves the city of Jaen, at the department of Cajamarca. The airport is located at 17 mi (27 km) from the city of Jaen. Latam Airlines, Star Peru and Avianca are the main airlines that operate in this airport. There are regular flights to cities as Lima, Arequipa, Cusco, Chiclayo, among others, at rates that go from US$ 34 for the route Jaen - Lima.
Jaen by bus
-To get to Jaen you can travel on the highway with the terrestrial transportation company Civa, if you take the route from Lima.-The travel lasts about 18 hours and the bus ticket is at a rate from s/ 90 to s/ 110.-You can also travel from Chiclayo in just 6 hours. The companies that cover this route to Jaen are Excluciva, Linea and Civa, that provide bus tickets from s/ 20 to s/ 36.
Accomodations in Jaen
Gran Hotel Jaen
Location: calle San Martin 1532 (at 10 min. from the Plaza de Armas) Rate: s/ 50 - s/ 60 Located in the downtown of the city of Jaen this hotel provides a large variety of services at the best price. There is wifi, laundry service, shower with cold and warm water, room service, cable TV, security and garage.
Location: Diego Palomino 1313 (at one block from the Plaza de Armas) Rate: s/ 90 - s/ 180 It's the only hotel that has achieved the category of 4 stars in all Jaen. Its rooms are well furnished, proposing the best comfort to the guests, besides having a privileged view over the city, since there is a panoramic viewpoint. Inside the hotel you will find the services of pool, restaurant, bar, wifi, laundry, cable TV, air conditioning, among others, exclusive of the Altavista Hotel.
Location: Diego Palomino 1342 Rate: s/ 70 - s/ 135 One of the features that make the difference of the Prim's Hotel from the competition is that on Sunday the hotel invites the frequent guests to spend a day of amusement and relax with a fmailiar lunch in the hotel's garden or playing in their sports field. The services of the hotel are Restaurant, pool, room service, auditorium, laundry, wifi, lift, phones and a private garage.
Location: Av. La Colina s/n - Urb. La Colina Rate: s/.140 - s/.321 The elegance and modernity stand out in the atmosphere of this hotel that provides exclusive services to the most demanding guests. The 8 magnificent floors have bungallows, splendid views over the Jaen valley, recreational areas, spa, sauna, pools (for adults and children), gym, auditorium, restaurant and garage. It's just a splendid hotel with all the comforts, some of them unique in Jaen.
Important dates in Jaen
Anniversary of the Independence of Jaen
(June the 4th)
This important date is celebrated with parades, fireworks and cultural events in the Plaza de Armas, one more year from the independence of Jaen.
El Señor de Huamantanga
(September, 5th to 23rd)
During the days of celebration takes place the Feria Regional that complements the cultural and religious activities in honor of the Senor de Huamantanga. You will see the sports competitioons, the traditional dances, you will taste the typical dishes from the region and purchase artisan products.