The word Chincha comes from the word “chinchay”, which means “jaguar”, the main deity of the Chincha culture. The chincha are considered the most renowned merchants of the pre-Hispanic period, skillful to transport goods through the maritime and terrestrial routes. This culture resisted to the inca domination, but was defeated in the 15th century, and was assimilated to the empire; with the passing of time the chinchas under the inca domination contributed to expand the empire.In 1537 with the Spanish arrival the city was founded under the name of “Villa Santiago de Almagro”. It was in the colonial period that took place the miscegenation between indigenous, Spanish and black people, what supposed a cultural change that would establish the basis of the future culture of the modern Chincha. In October the 13th 1900 a law divided the province of Chincha, and so the capital moved to Chincha Alta.*A curious detail is that Chincha could have been the peruvian capital, but the murder of Diego de Almagro changed completely the plans of the colonial organization.
Travel tips for Chincha
-You could get to know all the tourist places of Chincha in a weekend with just s/ 150.-From Chincha you have access to all the most important tourist cities of the peruvian coast, as Pisco.-Chincha has a mountainous area called Laran, where are the petrogliphs of Huancor.-The center of Chincha is turbulent. You will see mototaxis in the surroundings of the Plaza de Armas and the main market.In Chincha you will find low-cost means of transportation through the downtown and its main attractions. The mototaxis are a good and cheap option, from s/ 0.50 to s/ 1, despite that the service is not so comfortable. You can also take taxis for long distances, to the tourist places on the outskirts of the city or other districts of the province.The history of Chincha has unlucky natural events, as the earthquakes, that have destroyed the city on the last 100 years. You can’t be always prepared for seisms and earthquakes, but anyways it’s always good to know what to do during a natural desaster like that. Other natural risks that take place in Chincha are the sliding of muddy lands, but they are not so common.As in every city of quick and untidy growth, with social problems non solved, thefts are another danger present in some areas of the downtown. Always keep in mind your valuable objects and avoid, if it’s possible, to have them in sight of everybody. If you have the adequate precautions, your stay in Chincha will be very pleasant.
Best time to visit Chincha
-There is no better time to travel to Chincha than the summer, since the weather is much nicer than in other seasons (although in general is temperate). The festival of “Verano Negro” is another reason why it’s an ideal period for tourists to travel to Chincha.
Climate in Chincha
The weather is tropical in Chincha. During the summer the rains decrease considerably. The average temperature is 81,5 °F (27,5°C).
Things to do in Chincha
Nightlife in Chincha
Red Hot Disco Bar
Location: Av. Víctor Andrés Belaunde 301 Hours: doesn’t say Price: doesn’t say A different proposal of entertainment in Chincha Alta, inspired by rock. If you come to this place don’t forget to ask a pisco sunrise to start a joyful evening.
Location: Av. La Mar 200, Urb, Lomo Largo - Sunampe Hours: 10:00 p.m. - 6:00 a.m. Price: doesn’t say Themed parties, a variety of drinks, good atmosphere and the most recent music wait for you in Scorpia, one of the most crowded places by locals and visitors. Fun is guaranteed until the sunrise.
Location: Pasaje La Paz 142, Villa Julia - Sunampe Hours: doesn’t say Price: doesn’t say It’s the best disco to end the week with fun, music and good drinks. In Arcadia you will find a good atmosphere surrounded by friends, or meeting people with festive spirit.
Where to eat in Chincha?
El Batan restaurant
Location: Panamericana Sur 791, km. 197.5, close to the Super Grifo Chincha Hours: 6:30 a.m. - 10:00 p.m./ Sundays 6:30 a.m. - 7:00 p.m. Price: doesn’t say Typical and gourmet cooking in the heart of Chincha, prepared with the best ingredients and talented chefs. It’s worth it to go to El Batan to get the best out of the typical Chincha food, or to taste the variety of plates, depending on the hour. To ask for a carapulcra or sopa seca will be inevitable.
El Refugio de Mamainé
Location: C.P. El Guayabo LT. 46, distrito de El Carmen Hours: doesn’t say Price: doesn’t say Far away from the most central places, at El Carmen district, it’s a good option for the ones who look for the most traditional and typical experience of the Chinchan gastronomy. We recommend it if you go for a weekend, so you can enjoy also the life shows; if you are lucky, Mamaine will personally look after you.
Restaurante Chicharroneria Lorena II
Location: Carretera Panamericana Sur km. 196Hours: 7:00 a.m. - 10:00 p.m. Price: s/ 17 - s/ 34: The dishes you will find at this restaurant are from typical to regional. You can taste a forceful carapulcra or a creole dish served in a plentiful way.
The tourist places to see in Chincha are:
Plaza de Armas de Chincha Alta
Location: between the Calle Lima and Av. Oscar R. Benavides (downtown city) Hours: all day Price: free entrance The Plaza de Armas of Chincha maintains a colonial type structure, surrounded by palm trees, with a traffic circle that is the main meeting point and benches for the rest of the local and visitor public. Facing the Plaza de Armas you have the Santo Domingo church.
Santo Domingo church
Location: facing the Plaza de Armas, at the Grau street Hours: doesn’t say Price: doesn’t say It’s one of the most visited churches sinceit’s the first stop on the tourist route through the city and surroundings. Its construction was finished in 1870, being rebuilt and modernized by the religious order San Vicente de Paul. Inside you will be fascinated by the main altar, worked with stylized art and detail, where you can see the images of Santa Rosa, San Francisco de Asis, the Virgen del Carmen and Santo Domingo de Guzman, whose name the church took.
Casa Hacienda San Jose
Location: at 9.3 mi (15 km) from the city, district of El Carmen Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. Price: s/ 5 At 20 min by car from Chincha is located this typical mansion of the colonial period, built ending the 17th century. The main attractions are the beautiful hallways, the large patios -where there are objects used for the works typical of the period- the chapel of baroque style and the underground gallery, originally created to transport slaves in the colonial times.
The district El Carmen
Location: at 6.2 mi (10 km) to the south of the city Hours: all day Price: free entrance At this district the essence of the afroperuvian culture is concentrated. It’s common to see on the evenings and weekends a lot of activity on the streets, since the inhabitants are joyful and festive, and show it in each of the spontaneous and prodigious dances. At this place it’s also celebrated the most important festivals of Chincha, as the Festival del Verano Negro and the festival of Virgen del Carmen.
Petrogliphs of Huancor
Location: at 19 mi (31 km) from the city, at the bank of the San Juan river Hours: 6:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. Price: free entrance In this complex nearly 1000 figures on the stones of Huancor are represented in 30 centuries of history of the ancient settlers of Chincha. The stones show how was the life of the first people from Chincha, considered experts sailors and distinguished businessmen of the old Peru.
Huaca La Centinela
Location: at 5 mi (8 km) from the Panamericana Sur, at 8 min by car from the city Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. Price: s/ 5 (adults) - s/ 2 (children) It was the original capital of the territory of the chincha culture (1200 AD - 1450 AD) made up of pyramids from where you can observe the chinchan sea and the nearby country houses. Its original structure was modified by the inca people, who added elements of their architecture after the conquest to the chincha population.
Sanctuary of Melchorita
Location: at 6.2 mi (10 km) from the city, at the town of Grocio Prado Hours: 7:30 a.m. - 8:00 p.m. Price: free entrance In this place lived Melchora Saravia Tasayco, popularly known as “la Melchorita”, who dedicated her life to the Catholic faith and to take care of poor and sick people. Afterher death in 1951, her house was transformed in a center of worship, that is the origin of the sanctuary that takes her name.
The things to do in Chincha
Route through the wineries and vineyards
You won’t avoid doing this route of pisco and wine, across the traditional wineries and vineyards of Chincha, where you will find pisco and wine of the best quality, in the purest state. You will have the possibility of tasting the most exquisite drinks made of varied types of grape and at the same time you see how they are produced. Visit the wineries Grimaldi, Castellano, El Paraíso, Arenas, San Cristóbal, Villa Julia, Naldo Navarro and Chumbiauca. There are a lot of options to choose!
In sunny and warm days you can go to the crowded beaches of excellent view, in the middle of the desert environment, so characteristic of the southern coast. The most popular is Jahuai, but there are various choices also good for the summer visitors as La Perla, Totoritas or Carrizal.
Tour around the Chincha islands
The islands of Chincha are 3 islands, famous in the 19th century for being the main source to obtain guano, that was used until 1874, when it ended. From the district of Tambo de Mora at some kilometers from the city of Chincha you can start a tour to the islands, home of the guano birds, ideal to all the lovers of nature observation or birdwatching.
Paragliding in Chincha
The place known as “las laderas” is one of the favourite points by the adrenalin and adventure sports. From the laderas which are at 60 to 200 meters of height you can start the flight on paragliding, from the Chincha valley to the Cañete valley, which roundtrip take about 4 hours. There is no comparable experience, just unforgettable.
Typical dishes in Chincha
If you are looking for the most typical dish of Chincha, you found it. The Chinchan carapulcra is prepared in a mud pot -using a stick laddle- on an adobe kitchen, where they cook with firewood; that is the secret of the smoked particular but delicious flavor. It’s prepared with potatoes, meat (pork, mutton or hen), chilly pepper, onions, pepper, salt, garlic and toast peanuts.
It’s a soup that get up every exhausted man. It’s a plate full of proteins and a concentrate flavor with the achiote (spice), black olives, parsley, salt, noodles, meat, pepper and hen consomme. Don’t you leave Chincha without tasting it, you could regret later.
Dulce de membrillo
This popular dessert is obtained of boiling the quince with blonde sugar, whisking the mix with a stick laddle. The result is a dessert between solid and jellied of dark red color, a simple delicacy!
Made of white corn, pork, chilly pepper, peanuts, black olives and boiled egg, they prepare a dough that recovers all the ingredients on a square shape. Once the mixture is ready the tamal is wrapped in a banana leaf, to be tied with little ropes. At the end it’s put into water for an hour until it’s cooked.
How to reach Chincha
Chincha by train
There isnt nowadays an available route by train to go to or from Chincha. There is a project to build an inter-city train that covers the route from Lurin to Chincha, although there are no more details about the beginning or development of the works.
Chincha by flight
The city of Chincha does not have its own airport, the nearest airport is the Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez in the city of Lima, located at 124,9 mi (201 km) from Chincha, which take about 3,5 hours of travel. It’s a quite long trip, so it’s an interesting way of getting to Chincha.
Chincha by bus
To get to Chincha you go through the highway Panamericana Sur -the highway that goes across Chincha Alta, the capital- in short routes from any of the coastalnearby cities.The transportation companies that cover the destination Chincha are Peru Bus and Wari Palomino, which have multiple choices of departure times. The cost of the bus tickets is inexpensive (the most expensive is s/ 70 in a more exclusive and comfortable service; the cheapest is at s/ 30).
Accomodations in Chincha
Location: Calle Maurtua 149 Price: s/ 69 - s/ 213 A hotel to host alone or with the family, with a variety of environments. There is a park for children and a terrace, besides having a bar and private parking lot. Each room is equipped with a TV, private bathroom and wifi.
Santa Maria Hospedaje
Location: Calle Carrillo 115, district of El Carmen Price: s/ 115 - s/ 181 It’s a whole experience to stay at this hostage, you will have the possibility of renting bicycles to go through the streets of El Carmen and enjoying a natural breakfast with fresh products if you pay for it. You will have an outside pool for children, a shared kitchen well equipped, a shared living-room, a play room and large gardens with an area for barbecues. In every room you have fans and mosquito nets, with private or shared bathroom (depending on the rate of the room).
Casa Hacienda San Jose
Location: Panamericana Sur Km 203 s/n - district of El Carmen Price: s/ 500 to s/ 880 One of the most gratifying experiences of hostage in Chincha, although very exclusive and expensive since it’s a traditional mansion part of the national heritage. Travel on time through the colonial galleries without leaving the comfort that the hotel offers as wifi, private parking lot, a beautiful pool, gardens, a gourmet garden, TV, minibar, laundry service and comfortable private bathrooms.
Important dates in Chincha
(February the 25th until March the 6th)
It’s one of the most important festivals in Peru, celebrated at the beginning of the year in the district of El Carmen, crib of the afroperuvian culture. During the festival there are shows of dances and traditional music, gastronomy, winemaking and handicraft fairs, that are completed with an open-air dance where locals and visitors participate with tap-dances and rejoycing.
Virgen del Carmen
(December the 27th)
It’s one of the festivals where the fervour and Chinchan faith are mixed up with the cultural afroperuvian traditions to pay homage to the patron saint, the Virgen del Carmen. The peak moment of your visit will be the Baile de las pastoras (the shepherdess dance), with the violin and percussion melodies.
Festival de la vendimia
(March from the 15th to the 24th)
The best of the wines and piscos produced in the region you will find at this theme festival, where you will learn about how the iconic drinks of the peruvian south are made, with the grape footstep and the pisco distillation. You will also find the typical plates, recreational games, competitions, presentation of peruvian artists, life music and the expected coronation of the Señorita Vendimia, where participate the most beautiful young ladies of Chincha.