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jaen to Huaura Bus
The route from Jaén to Huaura takes about 15 hours and the distance you must go through is 565 mi (910 km) on the highway. Civa is the main terrestrial transportation company that covers this itinerary, offering bus tickets from s/. 91 to s/. 111. The buses leave from the main terrestrial terminal of Jaén, at 5:00 p.m., with destination the terminal Av. San Martín, in the center of Huaura city. The climate in Huaura is desert, with an average temperature of 66 °F (19 °C).
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The history of the first settlers of the Jaen territory dates from 1000 to 1500 b.C. A proof of it is the human settlements found in the province, where the visitor can appreciate the pottery and archaeologic remains that are a sample of the architecture and art of this emerging culture. Those inhabitants were part of tribes who lived in presumable harmony, although the most renowned were the pakamuros (or bracamoros). The name of this tribe comes from the word "pukamoros" (puka = red, muro = pintado), a name given by the inca Huayna Capac, after being defeated by the bravery of this town of Amazonian roots. The name is also reference of the red paintings that the inhabitants made on their faces and chest when they went to war or to do a celebration.During the Spanish conquest, the autonomous development of this population was interrupted, ending with the colonization and foundation of the city of Jaen de Bracamoros, in 1549. During the war of Independence, Jaen supported the independence of Trujillo, proclaiming its own independence on June the 4th 1821, and being converted in the crib of the Peruvian patriotism. From 1855 Jaen is part of the Cajamarca department.
The first farmers that dominated the plains around the Huaura river where the ones that created the original Huaura settlement during pre-hispanic times. The life of this inhabitants was influenced by the rule of the Wari, Chanchay, Chimú and Inca civilization, which expanded to the area. During the Spanish incursion of the XVIth century, the valley was conquered and came to be divided into several encomiendas, although it kept a urban center which will support the spanish families that would come in the future. Viceroy Luis de Velasco gave the town the title of Villa de Carrión de Velasco (1597). The 12th of November of 1820, the Independentist Army arrived in the area with the objective of installing troops in the nearby haciendas. The 27th of november of that same year, Don José de San Martín proclaimed the Independence from the Duke San Carlos Balcony, now known as the Huaura Balcony, near 1 year before of the official proclamation of the Peruvian Independence. The locality of Huaura was declared as historical in 1954, due to the events of the Independence Campaign.