Cajamarca to Huaura Bus
The travel from Cajamarca to Huaura is at a distance of 448 mi (721 km) which take about 12 hours by bus. The terrestrial transportation company Civa provides bus tickets for this route at s/ 80 and s/ 100. The buses leaveat 5:30 p.m. from the terminal in Cajamarca located close to the Estadio Heroes de San Ramon, destination to the terminal of Av. San Martin in Huaura. The climate in Huaura is desert, with an average temperature of 66.2 °F (19 °C) and the level of rains is quite low.
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It’s one of the most ancient cities of Peru and of the Inca Empire. The first inhabitants were Huacaloma, Layzon, Cumbe Mayo and Otuzco who settled in Cajamarca about 3.000 years ago. The city was witness of ferocious battles between the Incas and the conquerors during the Peru Conquest and besides that, Cajamarca was where Francisco Pizarro captured Atahualpa, the last inca who refused to subject himself to the Christian faith and culture. It’s known as the most Spanish city of Peru.
The first farmers that dominated the plains around the Huaura river where the ones that created the original Huaura settlement during pre-hispanic times. The life of this inhabitants was influenced by the rule of the Wari, Chanchay, Chimú and Inca civilization, which expanded to the area. During the Spanish incursion of the XVIth century, the valley was conquered and came to be divided into several encomiendas, although it kept a urban center which will support the spanish families that would come in the future. Viceroy Luis de Velasco gave the town the title of Villa de Carrión de Velasco (1597). The 12th of November of 1820, the Independentist Army arrived in the area with the objective of installing troops in the nearby haciendas. The 27th of november of that same year, Don José de San Martín proclaimed the Independence from the Duke San Carlos Balcony, now known as the Huaura Balcony, near 1 year before of the official proclamation of the Peruvian Independence. The locality of Huaura was declared as historical in 1954, due to the events of the Independence Campaign.