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Sullana to Guayaquil Bus
The travel from the northern city of Sullana to the Ecuadorian city of Guayaquil takes about 11 hours by land, being 325 mi (523 km) of distance. The transportation company Civa covers this route, providing bus tickets from s/. 90 to s/. 110. Buses leave at 8.30 p.m. from a terminal next to the Panamericana Norte of Sullana, destination to the terminal of the central area of Guayaquil. The climate in Guayaquil is warm most of the year, with a rainy season and a dry season; the temperatures oscillate from 77 °F (25 °C) to 82 °F (28 °C).
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Sullana is part of the territory where the tallan culture flourished, a culture formed by several ethnic groups that came from the andean gorges located in the Chira valley. It was at this territory that was founded the first Peruvian - Spanish city under the name of San Miguel de Tangara in 1532. But the real foundation of Sullana took place in 1732, under the name of El Principe. Even from the beginning this city stood out for its important development and agricultural production, since the geography of the valley, with fertile lands, favored the increase of this activity. The natural wealth of the Chira Valley attracted the interest of the mochica, chimu and inca populations, who dominated the tallanes in different periods. However the incan conquest lasted approximately half of a century due to the Spanish arrival, who colonized in a progressive way the territory of the pre-Hispanic Peru.
The history of the territory of the Ecuadorian capital goes back to the pre-Columbian period, when there are 4 different periods: Pre-Ceramic, Formative Stage, Period of Regional Development and Integration Period. Diverse cultures lived in the region in each period; among them the most renowned, the Huancavilca culture won the fame of indomitable, since its the only culture that the Incan empire could never conquer completely.There are various chronicles that talk about the details of the wars between the Huancavilcas and the Incas. This fight, full of revenges, betrayal and conspiracy, was extended until the Spanish arrival, being non resolved with the capture of the inca Atahualpa by the conqueror army. The Inca emperors Túpac Yupanqui, his son Huayna Cápac and his grand-son Atahualpa had the same objective, to conquer the untameable and ferocious Huancavilca.The first settlement of Guayaquil took place in Quito, founded in August the 15th 1534, with the intention of replace it into a more appropriate territory for the activities of the conquest. It was in 1540 that the city was relocated in an ancient Huancavilca territory, close to the hill Santa Ana and at the right side of the Guayas river. This new city developped a new timber and unique architecture in America, due to the talent of the carpenters and the quality of the wood of the surroundings. Its location and port of privilege climate meant to Guayaquil to be transformed in the biggest sea shipyard for Spain.Guayaquil is famous for being the crib of freedom, since it was one of the first cities to obtain its independence and was the scene of the meeting between the liberators Simón Bolívar and José de San Martín. It was also the point of departure to numerous armies that fought in the battles of Junin and Ayacucho, which stopped the Spanish conquest in the american territory.