Ilo to Tacna Bus
The travel from Ilo to Tacna takes about 2 hours, going through 96 mi (155 km) on the highway. Oltursa is the main terrestrial transportation company that covers this route in its travel itinerary, with bus tickets from s/. 10 to s/. 15. The buses leave at 8:30 a.m. from a main road in Ilo, destination the terminal of Av. Hipólito Unanue, in the center of Tacna city. The climate in Tacna is dry, with an average temperature of 64 °F (18 °C); Tacna has a rain period from June to August.
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Ilo is a port city at the shores of the Pacific Ocean, located in the southern región of the country, in de Department of Moquegua. The city was founded by Spaniards in a territory previously occupied by pre-columbian cultures. The city gained importance as a fishing hamlet and strategic port to supply goods to the southern cities.
Ilo played an important role during the War of the Pacific, and became a staging area for the Chilean forces in their campaign through Tacna and Arica. During the XXth century due to migration from the Andean highlands, and is now a modern trading hub with attractive beaches for tourists during the summer.
The first Hispanic settlements in Tacna date from 1572. In the pre-Columbian period, the territory was inhabited by different indigenous communities as the uros, lupacas and camanchacos, until the arrival of the inca Túpac Yupanqui, who conquered Tacna, adding the territory to the Incan Empire. During the colonial period there were indigenous uprisings that would cause the reduction of the population by the Spanish soldiers hands. After the independence in 1821, Tacna would be recognized as the “heroic city” for the role of the city and the locals in the achievement of the Peru’s independence. Inside the history, rich of historical events, Tacna passed from being a Peruvian city to taking part of the Chilean territory, as direct result of the Pacific War (war between Peru and Chile); at this war, part of Tacna had to be given. However, in 1929 Tacna joins again Peru, after more than 50 years being in possession of Chile. In Tacna took place the most important events of the 20th century as the “Tacnazo”, coup d’état where the military government of the president Juan Velasco Alvarado was overthrown.