Guayaquil to Tumbes Bus
The route from Guayaquil to Tumbes is at a distance of 167 mi (269 km) and it takes about 7 hours the tour on the highway. The transportation company Civa covers this route, with bus tickets at s/.90 to s/. 110, depending on the kind of service chosen. The buses leave from the terminal of the central area of Guayaquil at 9:00 p.m. direction to the terminal of Av. Tumbes, next to the Plaza de Armas of Tumbes. The climate of Tumbes is warm, tropical and semi humid, with an average temperature of 80 °F (27 °C) and temperature can reach 104 °F (40 °C) in summer days.
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The history of the territory of the Ecuadorian capital goes back to the pre-Columbian period, when there are 4 different periods: Pre-Ceramic, Formative Stage, Period of Regional Development and Integration Period. Diverse cultures lived in the region in each period; among them the most renowned, the Huancavilca culture won the fame of indomitable, since its the only culture that the Incan empire could never conquer completely.There are various chronicles that talk about the details of the wars between the Huancavilcas and the Incas. This fight, full of revenges, betrayal and conspiracy, was extended until the Spanish arrival, being non resolved with the capture of the inca Atahualpa by the conqueror army. The Inca emperors Túpac Yupanqui, his son Huayna Cápac and his grand-son Atahualpa had the same objective, to conquer the untameable and ferocious Huancavilca.The first settlement of Guayaquil took place in Quito, founded in August the 15th 1534, with the intention of replace it into a more appropriate territory for the activities of the conquest. It was in 1540 that the city was relocated in an ancient Huancavilca territory, close to the hill Santa Ana and at the right side of the Guayas river. This new city developped a new timber and unique architecture in America, due to the talent of the carpenters and the quality of the wood of the surroundings. Its location and port of privilege climate meant to Guayaquil to be transformed in the biggest sea shipyard for Spain.Guayaquil is famous for being the crib of freedom, since it was one of the first cities to obtain its independence and was the scene of the meeting between the liberators Simón Bolívar and José de San Martín. It was also the point of departure to numerous armies that fought in the battles of Junin and Ayacucho, which stopped the Spanish conquest in the american territory.
The history of the first inhabitants of Tumbes dates back to the pre-Incan period and it’s linked to the Tumpis culture, a noted ethnic group of navigators, who reached to be considered the best of the Peruvian North coast. They were also expert sculptors using as main material different mollusk shells species of the region.During the incan period, Tumbes was subdued to the power of the inca Pachacútec, and was transformed into an important administrative center of the incan culture. But it was during the peak of the inca Huayna Cápac control that Tumbes had an strategic relevance, building temples, roads and homes.With the Spanish arrival in 1532, the incan culture and the West culture met in Tumbes territory. Then the Spanish knew for the first time the strength and vitality of the indigenous warriors; some fighted for the possession, while others resisted invasion at the named Combate de los Manglares (Manglares combat). Later, during the Independence war, Tumbes would be the first city to achieve its independence in January the 7th 1821.At the armed conflict of 1941 against the neighbour country Ecuador, the people from Tumbes had an essential role, collaborating actively in the patriotic fight for defending the peruvian sovereignty. It was in 1942 that Tumbes raised as Department category, as recognition to its unconditional support, effort and sacrifice for achieving the victory of the Peruvian nation.