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Travel by Bus from Chachapoyas to Jaén
The road journey from Chachapoyas to Jaén is pleasant and relaxing. At redBus, we work with different bus companies that operate on this route with well-maintained buses and experienced drivers. Although the travel time varies from one bus operator to another because of traffic and climatic conditions, our continuous availability of bus services between Chachapoyas and Jaén reduces uncertainty and offers convenience for travelers.
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The history of Chachapoyas goes back to the ancestral period (7.000 years b. C.) when the first settlers of the area left traces of their past in remains on rock. However, the most important legacy of the life in this territory was left by the Chachapoyas culture (13th century AD). The Chachapoyas culture were a population of combative and fierce spirit in the battle. They opposed violent resistance to the inca’s expansion but they were defeated by the inca Tupac Yupanqui.Its Spanish foundation dates from 1538, under the name of San Juan de la Frontera de los Chachapoyas. In 1544 the settlers decided to move from the settlement of the city to an area less rough and with better weather. During the Independence war, the settlers of Chachapoyas woke up their ancestral spirit of fight to join the liberator army. On June the 6th 1821 took place the Higos Urco Battle, a legendary confrontation where the courage of the Chachapoya’s culture defeated the realistic forces, leaving heroic names as Matiaza Rimachi, an indigenous brave woman when she was defending her ideals.Nowadays Chachapoyas, since it’s the oldest and most historic tradition city, is recognized as the Amazonian capital and the entrance door to the peruvian jungle. Its location between the mountains and the beginning of the jungle gives to the city a varied and pleasant climate. The name comes from the indigenous word “sachapuyos”, which means “men of the fog” due to the peculiar fog that dominates the area of the hill Puma Urco, close to the city.
The history of the first settlers of the Jaen territory dates from 1000 to 1500 b.C. A proof of it is the human settlements found in the province, where the visitor can appreciate the pottery and archaeologic remains that are a sample of the architecture and art of this emerging culture. Those inhabitants were part of tribes who lived in presumable harmony, although the most renowned were the pakamuros (or bracamoros). The name of this tribe comes from the word "pukamoros" (puka = red, muro = pintado), a name given by the inca Huayna Capac, after being defeated by the bravery of this town of Amazonian roots. The name is also reference of the red paintings that the inhabitants made on their faces and chest when they went to war or to do a celebration.During the Spanish conquest, the autonomous development of this population was interrupted, ending with the colonization and foundation of the city of Jaen de Bracamoros, in 1549. During the war of Independence, Jaen supported the independence of Trujillo, proclaiming its own independence on June the 4th 1821, and being converted in the crib of the Peruvian patriotism. From 1855 Jaen is part of the Cajamarca department.