Chachapoyas to Huaura Bus
The route from Chachapoyas to the coastal city of Huaura is at a distance of 658 mi (1059 km) and the travel takes about 21 hours on the highway. Civa is the main transportation company that covers this destination, providing bus tickets at s/. 90 (s/. 110 if you choose the most exclusive service). Buses leave at 1:00 p.m. from the Av. Salamanca, in the center of Chachapoyas, destination to the terminal of Av. San Martín in Huaura city. The climate of Huaura is desert, with temperature peaks of 79 °F (26 °C) in summer.
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The history of Chachapoyas goes back to the ancestral period (7.000 years b. C.) when the first settlers of the area left traces of their past in remains on rock. However, the most important legacy of the life in this territory was left by the Chachapoyas culture (13th century AD). The Chachapoyas culture were a population of combative and fierce spirit in the battle. They opposed violent resistance to the inca’s expansion but they were defeated by the inca Tupac Yupanqui.Its Spanish foundation dates from 1538, under the name of San Juan de la Frontera de los Chachapoyas. In 1544 the settlers decided to move from the settlement of the city to an area less rough and with better weather. During the Independence war, the settlers of Chachapoyas woke up their ancestral spirit of fight to join the liberator army. On June the 6th 1821 took place the Higos Urco Battle, a legendary confrontation where the courage of the Chachapoya’s culture defeated the realistic forces, leaving heroic names as Matiaza Rimachi, an indigenous brave woman when she was defending her ideals.Nowadays Chachapoyas, since it’s the oldest and most historic tradition city, is recognized as the Amazonian capital and the entrance door to the peruvian jungle. Its location between the mountains and the beginning of the jungle gives to the city a varied and pleasant climate. The name comes from the indigenous word “sachapuyos”, which means “men of the fog” due to the peculiar fog that dominates the area of the hill Puma Urco, close to the city.
The first farmers that dominated the plains around the Huaura river where the ones that created the original Huaura settlement during pre-hispanic times. The life of this inhabitants was influenced by the rule of the Wari, Chanchay, Chimú and Inca civilization, which expanded to the area. During the Spanish incursion of the XVIth century, the valley was conquered and came to be divided into several encomiendas, although it kept a urban center which will support the spanish families that would come in the future. Viceroy Luis de Velasco gave the town the title of Villa de Carrión de Velasco (1597). The 12th of November of 1820, the Independentist Army arrived in the area with the objective of installing troops in the nearby haciendas. The 27th of november of that same year, Don José de San Martín proclaimed the Independence from the Duke San Carlos Balcony, now known as the Huaura Balcony, near 1 year before of the official proclamation of the Peruvian Independence. The locality of Huaura was declared as historical in 1954, due to the events of the Independence Campaign.