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Nazca to Abancay Bus
The route from Nazca to Abancay is 289 mi (465 km) and it takes about 9 hours of travel on the highway. Oltursa and Tepsa are the main transportation companies that conver this tour, offering bus tickets from s/. 90 to s/. 140. The buses leave on a schedule between 9:15 p.m. and 9:30 p.m. from the terminals located next to the Plaza de Armas of Nazca, with destination to the Terminal Terrestre of Abancay. The climate of Abancay is temperate, with moderate rain and the maximum temperature is 73 °F (23 °C) and the minimum 53 °F (12 °C).
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At the current territory of Nazca flowered on the 1st century A.D. the Nazca culture. The researches and exploration of places and remains left by this culture indicate that this would be a direct continuation of the Paracas culture. Unlike the Paracas, who developed until perfection the textile art, the Nazca were the masters of pottery, standing out also for the hydraulic engineering present in the aqueduct construction (which is still used nowadays) and the impressive geoglyphs, which are known as the Nazca Lines. Between 700 and 900 A.D. took place the decadence of the Nazca culture, due to natural reasons. In 1901, the German archaeolologist Max Uhle discovered the potter legacy of the Nazca, which dates from 200, 500 and 700 D.C. Subsequently, in 1939, the American Paul Kosok would discover, without plnanning it, the Nazca Lines, while he was overflying the desert where they are.
The territory of Abancay was settled long time before the inca’s expansion. The city was founded as a Spanish colony in 1574 by Ruiz de Estrada, under the name of Amancay (or Villa de Santiago de los Reyes). The origin of the name comes from the adaptation of Amankay, a native flower of the region. In the colonial period it was an important commercial exchange center due to its location between the mountains and the coast. It was also the scene of the uprising of Micaela Bastidas and her husband Tupac Amaru II in 1781, who looked for releasing Peru from the Spanish oppression without success; however, they made history as predecessors of the American Independence. For long time Abancay was part of the Cusco department until the creation of the Apurimac department in 1873. During the republican period Abancay achieved the category of city. Due to the attendance of foreign families and families from other territories in Peru, the city had a urban, social and cultural configuration, rich in diversity, what made of Abancay a modern metropolis in constant development. Nowadays Abancay is one of the most settled cities of the Apurimac department.