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In the Ica territory flowered 2 of the most important cultures that lived in this part of the continent. The Paracas culture (600 B. C. - 100 A.D.) and the Naza culture (100 A.D. - 800 A.D.) were the first civilizations of Ica, followed by the Chincha culture (800 A.D. - 1476 A.D.), but there are not many registers of the last one. With the expansion of the Incan Empire, the end of the Chincha culture would arrive, consolidating as new power of the territory of Ica until the arrival of the Spanish and the subsequent conquest. After the foundation by the Spanish, Ica would become a commercial region, characterized by its textile and winemaking industries, which saw its origin in 1540, when Nicolás de Ribera el Viejo produced the first eau-de-vie with the Ica raisins.
In 1850 occured at the coast of Punta de San Juan city (today Marcona) the accident of the first Peruvian steamboat BAP Rimac, in which hundreds of people died, being a survivor the writer Ricardo Palma.In 1870 the researcher Antonio Raimondi recognized that there were numerous iron deposits in the area, but it was in 1915 that the explorations started. In 1943 was created the Corporacion Peruana del Santa to take advantage of the resources of the area and years later there were international companies that joined, creating the first mining camp.During the government of Juan Velasco Alvarado the deposit that was used for 17 years was nationalized and from the first government of Alberto Fujimori the Corporacion Shougang de China is in charge of the area until nowadays.