Desaguadero to Chincha Bus
The distance from Desaguadero city to Chincha is 741 mi (1193 km) and the travel takes about 20 hours on the highway. The transport company Civa is responsible for the route Desaguadero - Chincha, with bus tickets that cost from s/.110 to s/.140. The buses leave at 11:30 a.m. from the terminal placed in a main road of Desaguadero city. Their destination is in the center of Chincha city. The climate in Chincha is considered semi warm, with an average temperature of 66°F (19°C) throughout the year.
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The territory of Desaguadero was inhabited from the pre-Incan period by several indigenous communities and little tribes which were the origin of the Lupaca kingdom. This kingdom consisted of inhabitants of the aymara ethnic group, who for a long time controlled the high Andean plateau lands until being conquered by the powerful Incan culture, at this time under the leadership of the inca Mayta Cápac. During his control, the inca ordered to build a bridge made of “totora” (large reed). This bridge was known as Chacamarka. “Chaca” means “place where the river crosses” and “marka” means “town”. The complete interpretation is “place where you cross the river to get to the town”. With the Spanish arrival the few things that remained of the Lupaca kingdom’s splendour disappeared due to the constant sacking and destruction. Nevertheless, the aymara were for a while under a special consideration, owing to their indomitable and rebel character. The residents of the city gave up the name of Chacamarka to accept the name of Desaguadero, since it’s the place where the Titicaca waters flow (“desaguar” means drain). The district was created during the Independence period, but it was in 1954 that it was established legally. The waters of the river separate the Peruvian side from the Bolivian side. The Peruvian side is located inside the Chucuito province and the bolivian side at the province of Ingavi.
The word Chincha comes from the word “chinchay”, which means “jaguar”, the main deity of the Chincha culture. The chincha are considered the most renowned merchants of the pre-Hispanic period, skillful to transport goods through the maritime and terrestrial routes. This culture resisted to the inca domination, but was defeated in the 15th century, and was assimilated to the empire; with the passing of time the chinchas under the inca domination contributed to expand the empire.In 1537 with the Spanish arrival the city was founded under the name of “Villa Santiago de Almagro”. It was in the colonial period that took place the miscegenation between indigenous, Spanish and black people, what supposed a cultural change that would establish the basis of the future culture of the modern Chincha. In October the 13th 1900 a law divided the province of Chincha, and so the capital moved to Chincha Alta.*A curious detail is that Chincha could have been the peruvian capital, but the murder of Diego de Almagro changed completely the plans of the colonial organization.