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The word Chincha comes from the word “chinchay”, which means “jaguar”, the main deity of the Chincha culture. The chincha are considered the most renowned merchants of the pre-Hispanic period, skillful to transport goods through the maritime and terrestrial routes. This culture resisted to the inca domination, but was defeated in the 15th century, and was assimilated to the empire; with the passing of time the chinchas under the inca domination contributed to expand the empire.In 1537 with the Spanish arrival the city was founded under the name of “Villa Santiago de Almagro”. It was in the colonial period that took place the miscegenation between indigenous, Spanish and black people, what supposed a cultural change that would establish the basis of the future culture of the modern Chincha. In October the 13th 1900 a law divided the province of Chincha, and so the capital moved to Chincha Alta.*A curious detail is that Chincha could have been the peruvian capital, but the murder of Diego de Almagro changed completely the plans of the colonial organization.
There is evidence that Ayacucho was a populated settlement more than 20,000 years ago B.C., because there are archaeological remains to certify it. Thousands of years later other human groups established in the area, setting the bases of the coming cultures. On the 6th and 7th centuries the culture wari appeared, founding its capital and control center in Ayacucho. In this region, the Huari - Tiahuanaco culture would exercise its power, being Ayacucho its sanctuary, during the period from 900 to 1200 A.D. With the incas arrival, the Ayacucho conquest meant the extinction of the other cultures, consolidating the city as part of the incas Empire, and establishing an administrative center in Vilcashuaman. After the Spanish arrival, in 1539 Francisco Pizarro founded the city of Ayacucho as part of a militay strategy, to eradicate the rebel incas from the closest areas. Ayacucho became a very important city, commercially and culturally. During the colonial period, Ayacucho developped a growing textile industry. It was also one of the most important cities during the viceroyalty, for being the archbishopric see and for having his own university. On December the 9th 1824, it took place the Ayacucho battle, a crucial event on the Independence process of Peru. Recently, on the 80s, Ayacucho was hardly hit by the terrorism of Sendero Luminoso, a terrorist group leaded by Abimael Guzmán. Nowadays, Ayacucho shines with a confident light, as a city of great religious fervor and cultural tourism, leaving behind the shadows of a sad decade that we hope will never be recured.