Tumbes to Huaura Bus
The travel from Tumbes to the city of Huaura takes about 17 hours, going through the distance of 734 mi (1182 km) on the highway. The transportation company Civa covers this route, with bus tickets at s/. 60 to s/. 110. The buses leave from 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. from the terminal of Av. Tumbes, located in a central area of Tumbes city, destination to the terminal of Av. San Martín in the center of Huaura. The weather in Huaura is desert, with an average temperature of 66 °F (19 °C).
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The history of the first inhabitants of Tumbes dates back to the pre-Incan period and it’s linked to the Tumpis culture, a noted ethnic group of navigators, who reached to be considered the best of the Peruvian North coast. They were also expert sculptors using as main material different mollusk shells species of the region.During the incan period, Tumbes was subdued to the power of the inca Pachacútec, and was transformed into an important administrative center of the incan culture. But it was during the peak of the inca Huayna Cápac control that Tumbes had an strategic relevance, building temples, roads and homes.With the Spanish arrival in 1532, the incan culture and the West culture met in Tumbes territory. Then the Spanish knew for the first time the strength and vitality of the indigenous warriors; some fighted for the possession, while others resisted invasion at the named Combate de los Manglares (Manglares combat). Later, during the Independence war, Tumbes would be the first city to achieve its independence in January the 7th 1821.At the armed conflict of 1941 against the neighbour country Ecuador, the people from Tumbes had an essential role, collaborating actively in the patriotic fight for defending the peruvian sovereignty. It was in 1942 that Tumbes raised as Department category, as recognition to its unconditional support, effort and sacrifice for achieving the victory of the Peruvian nation.
The first farmers that dominated the plains around the Huaura river where the ones that created the original Huaura settlement during pre-hispanic times. The life of this inhabitants was influenced by the rule of the Wari, Chanchay, Chimú and Inca civilization, which expanded to the area. During the Spanish incursion of the XVIth century, the valley was conquered and came to be divided into several encomiendas, although it kept a urban center which will support the spanish families that would come in the future. Viceroy Luis de Velasco gave the town the title of Villa de Carrión de Velasco (1597). The 12th of November of 1820, the Independentist Army arrived in the area with the objective of installing troops in the nearby haciendas. The 27th of november of that same year, Don José de San Martín proclaimed the Independence from the Duke San Carlos Balcony, now known as the Huaura Balcony, near 1 year before of the official proclamation of the Peruvian Independence. The locality of Huaura was declared as historical in 1954, due to the events of the Independence Campaign.