Nazca to Tacna Bus
The distance from Nazca to Tacna is 488 mi (785 km) and it takes about 11 hours of travel on the highway. Tepsa is the main transportation company that covers this destination, offering bus tickets from s/. 70 to s/. 105. The buses leave at 9:30 p.m. from the terminal of Lima street in the center of Nazca. Their destination is the terminal located in the outskirts of Tacna city. The climate of Tacna is dry, with a rainy season from June to August. The maximum temperature is 89 °F (32 °C) and the minimum 50 °F (10 °C).
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At the current territory of Nazca flowered on the 1st century A.D. the Nazca culture. The researches and exploration of places and remains left by this culture indicate that this would be a direct continuation of the Paracas culture. Unlike the Paracas, who developed until perfection the textile art, the Nazca were the masters of pottery, standing out also for the hydraulic engineering present in the aqueduct construction (which is still used nowadays) and the impressive geoglyphs, which are known as the Nazca Lines. Between 700 and 900 A.D. took place the decadence of the Nazca culture, due to natural reasons. In 1901, the German archaeolologist Max Uhle discovered the potter legacy of the Nazca, which dates from 200, 500 and 700 D.C. Subsequently, in 1939, the American Paul Kosok would discover, without plnanning it, the Nazca Lines, while he was overflying the desert where they are.
The first Hispanic settlements in Tacna date from 1572. In the pre-Columbian period, the territory was inhabited by different indigenous communities as the uros, lupacas and camanchacos, until the arrival of the inca Túpac Yupanqui, who conquered Tacna, adding the territory to the Incan Empire. During the colonial period there were indigenous uprisings that would cause the reduction of the population by the Spanish soldiers hands. After the independence in 1821, Tacna would be recognized as the “heroic city” for the role of the city and the locals in the achievement of the Peru’s independence. Inside the history, rich of historical events, Tacna passed from being a Peruvian city to taking part of the Chilean territory, as direct result of the Pacific War (war between Peru and Chile); at this war, part of Tacna had to be given. However, in 1929 Tacna joins again Peru, after more than 50 years being in possession of Chile. In Tacna took place the most important events of the 20th century as the “Tacnazo”, coup d’état where the military government of the president Juan Velasco Alvarado was overthrown.