Ilo to Nazca Bus
The route from Ilo to Nazca makes a distance of 396 mi (637 km) and it takes about 12 hours on the highway. Excluciva is the main terrestrial transportation company that convers this itinerary, offering bus tickets from s/. 120 to s/. 140. The buses leave from the terminal placed next to the Plaza de Armas of Ilo, destination to the station of Óvalo de Nazca in the centre of the city. The climate in Nazca is hot and dry, with an average temperature of 68 °F (20 °C). The maximum temperatures is 95 °F (35 °C) and the minimum 48 °F (9 °C).
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Ilo is a port city at the shores of the Pacific Ocean, located in the southern región of the country, in de Department of Moquegua. The city was founded by Spaniards in a territory previously occupied by pre-columbian cultures. The city gained importance as a fishing hamlet and strategic port to supply goods to the southern cities.
Ilo played an important role during the War of the Pacific, and became a staging area for the Chilean forces in their campaign through Tacna and Arica. During the XXth century due to migration from the Andean highlands, and is now a modern trading hub with attractive beaches for tourists during the summer.
At the current territory of Nazca flowered on the 1st century A.D. the Nazca culture. The researches and exploration of places and remains left by this culture indicate that this would be a direct continuation of the Paracas culture. Unlike the Paracas, who developed until perfection the textile art, the Nazca were the masters of pottery, standing out also for the hydraulic engineering present in the aqueduct construction (which is still used nowadays) and the impressive geoglyphs, which are known as the Nazca Lines. Between 700 and 900 A.D. took place the decadence of the Nazca culture, due to natural reasons. In 1901, the German archaeolologist Max Uhle discovered the potter legacy of the Nazca, which dates from 200, 500 and 700 D.C. Subsequently, in 1939, the American Paul Kosok would discover, without plnanning it, the Nazca Lines, while he was overflying the desert where they are.