Cajamarca is a metropolis located in a valley and surrounded by mountains in all directions. Its original name is Caxamarca, from Quechua which means "town of thorns", due to the presence of the San Pedro cactus in its surroundings. In 1986, UNESCO named Cajamarca as a site of the historical and cultural heritage of the Americas. This city has an incredible mix of Inca culture with Spanish culture.
The city of Cajamarca has a wonderful climate since it is quite cool, it is never too cold or too hot. The average temperature is 13.0 ° C. Summers are much rainier than winters. The driest month is July and the warmest is January.
Hotels in Cajamarca
The variety of accommodations in Cajamarca is quite wide. Prices vary according to the season and it is advisable to reserve when you visit the city on festive dates such as Carnivals or Easter. Either way, you will find from 5-star hotels to cheaper accommodations with basic services.
Restaurantes & Bars in Cajamarca
Many of Cajamarca's dishes date from Inca times, but, above all, the gastronomy of this city fuses Andean elements with those that were introduced by the Spanish. This miscegenation is what turns Cajamarca's cuisine into a very particular one with flavors that you cannot stop trying.
The most tourist places in Cajamarca
● Plaza de Armas and cathedrals - The Plaza de Armas of Cajamarca is surrounded by beautiful buildings dating from colonial times, such as the Cathedral of Santa Catalina or also called the Cathedral of Cajamarca. An imposing building built in the 17th century in a baroque style, declared a national historical cultural heritage of Peru. Another historical monument to visit in the Plaza de Armas is the San Francisco Church that has a museum in the back of the building and is entirely made with stones from the Santa Apolonia hill.
● Cuarto del Rescate - The most iconic building in pre and post Columbian history. Atahualpa was the Inca major chief and he spent his last days in seclusion here, before being executed. It is a volcanic stone building and its dimensions are 11.80 m long, 7.30 m wide and 3.1 m high. Of the original construction, only the four walls are preserved and you can see a red mark where it is said that the Inca put his hand to indicate how far the gold would go once and twice silver, for the payment of the ransom for his release. It is one of the most visited places in Cajamarca due to its historical significance in every sense.
● Mirador Santa Apolonia- It is the viewpoint of the city, to get there you have to go to the Plaza de Armas and go up any of the surrounding streets towards the cross that can be seen from there.
● Ventanillas de Otuzco- This is a 1900-year-old funeral complex located in the town of Otuzco. They are niches 30 centimeters or so high, carved in the stone of a mountain side as offerings or veneration.
● Inca Baths - It is a thermal water complex located 6 kilometers from Cajamarca. It dates from pre-Inca times, and the only thing that remains of it is a stone construction. These waters have a large amount of minerals that make them healing baths.
Important dates in Cajamarca
● January and February- Cajamarca Carnivals: In the Cajamarca Carnival a series of entertaining activities and some competitive ones are celebrated to increase the excitement of the party. Among these are neighborhood decoration competitions, dance contests, Beauty contests, couplet and counterpoint competitions, painted faces contests, "Patrols and Comparas" contest. Festivals such as the "Festival de la Chicha and the Bread ”, artisan and gastronomic fairs. In this celebration the marriage of Ño Carnavalón with Doña Carnavalona is celebrated on the first day of February. In addition, it includes the celebration of the traditional Thursday of Compadres followed the week after Thursday of Comadres.
● June 15 - Feast of San Juan Bautista: The Feast of San Juan Bautista, is a festival managed by the municipalities of the region and in commemoration of the procession of the Saint, different activities are carried out before and afterwards, many of them contests and rituals as well as fairs, be they artisan or gastronomic.
● July 28- National Holidays As is the tradition for National Holidays, civic-military and school parades are organized. In the Plaza de Armas the flag is raised and gastronomic fairs are held, where the typical dishes of each region are exhibited.
● November 1 - Feast of All Saints: Each town and country has its own way of celebrating it. In Cajamarca, people go to cemeteries and offerings are made, such as altars raised in the houses where there are different agricultural products that are offered to the souls of the deceased of the family. Breads are also made that are offered to the souls of the dead who have no one to watch over them, hence they present human form, among these breads are sweet and savory breads. The reason for the food offerings that are made both on the altars of the houses, and in the cemeteries themselves, have their origin in ancestral customs, since it is believed that the souls of the dead also continue to have needs such as hunger and thirst.
How to move around Cajamarca?
• Public Transport: There are several lines that run throughout the city and its surroundings, the price of the ticket is 1 sol.
• Taxis: It is a quick and practical way to get around the city, but you must agree on a price before boarding. The minimum charge is approximately S /. 4. 00 to S /. 5.00 for short distances.
• Mototaxi: They travel up to 3 people and they charge between 2 to 3 soles within the city, but they cannot enter the historic center.
How to reach Cajamarca?
• Cajamarca by bus: The trip from Celendín to Cajamarca can last around 2 hours and 20 minutes and the distance is approximately 102 kilometers.
Gastronomy in Cajamarca
The dishes of Cajamarca gastronomy are:
- Frito Cajamarquino
- Puchero o sancochado
- Cuy frito con picante de papa
- Caldo verde
- Chicharrón con mote
- Caldo de cabeza de cordero
- Sopa de chochoca con cecina
- Manjar blanco
- Conserva de higos
Things to buy in Cajamarca
The souvenirs that you can buy in Cajamarca are
- Chipped Mates
- Alpaca clothing
- Musical instruments
Cajamarca has a population of 1,507,486 inhabitants (5.1 percent of the national total), making it the fourth most populous department in the country, after Lima, Piura and La Libertad. It is located at 2750 meters high and covers an area of 33 318 km². This city is where the Spanish held Atahualpa, the greatest Inca chief, captive.
Bus operators of the route Celendin to Cajamarca
· Móvil Bus
You can find the cheapest tickets to Cajamarca by comparing prices, they may vary according to the day and time the buses leave. Also remember that during festivities the rates can rise.